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I tried running a dnd-next playtest and there was a particular problem that the party could not deal with monsters running away. This problem did not exist in 4e because of OAs.

Was there a rule that I have missed? If not, how can I deal with it effectively? Players had different opinions on it. Some think that it is reasonable that monsters that run as fast as PCs can not be caught. Others think it is not.

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3 Answers 3

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You don't need a more general opportunity attack mechanic to just say "if you run off at full speed they get a hit in on you." This is how fleeing from combat worked in all D&D previous to the introduction of formalized battlemats in 3rd edition. All it gets you is one hit, though, so it's not really sovereign against fleeing. But consider adding a rule to this effect (I think it's clear that in 5e they are trying to return to you the GM being in charge of the rules instead of the rules being in charge of you, so don't hesitate to add things in you deem useful).

AD&D 2e:

Retreat

To get out of a combat, characters can make a careful withdrawal or they can simply flee.

Withdrawing: When making a withdrawal, a character carefully backs away from his opponent (who can choose to follow). The character moves up to 1/3 his movement rate. If two characters are fighting a single opponent and one of them decides to withdraw, the remaining character can block the advance of the opponent. This is a useful method for getting a seriously injured man out of a combat.

Fleeing: To flee from combat, a character simply turns and runs up to his full movement rate. However, the fleeing character drops his defenses and turns his back to his opponent. The enemy is allowed a free attack (or multiple attacks if the creature has several attacks per round) at the rear of the fleeing character. This attack is made the instant the character flees: It doesn't count against the number of attacks that opponent is allowed during the round, and initiative is irrelevant.

The fleeing character can be pursued, unless a companion blocks the advance of the enemy.

Or better yet, AD&D 1e, which only has 2 pages of combat rules in total, and somehow we still all used and enjoyed it...

Participants in a melee can opt to attack, parry, fall back, or flee. Attack can be by weapon, bare hands, or grappling. Parrying disallows any return attack that round, but the strength "to hit" bonus is then subtracted from the opponent's "to hit" dice roll(s), so the character is less likely to be hit. Falling back is a retrograde move facing the opponent(s) and can be used in conjunction with a parry, and opponent creatures are able to follow if not otherwise engaged. Fleeing means as rapid a withdrawal from combat as possible; while it exposes the character to rear attack at the time, subsequent attacks can only be made if the opponent is able to follow the fleeing character at equal or greater speed.

a) You can add it and b) It doesn't have to be complicated.

Bonus: A slightly different take from Basic D&D's Rules Cyclopedia:

Retreat

A character can only perform this maneuver when he begins his combat round in hand-to-hand combat with an enemy. The character runs away from his enemy at greater than half his encounter speed, up to his full encounter speed. He forfeits the armor class bonus of his shield. Any enemy attacking him later in the combat round (that is, either an enemy who followed him during the enemies' movement phase or an enemy attacking with a ranged weapon) receives a +2 attack roll bonus this round. This is the same + 2 that characters normally get for attacking from behind (see the Attack Roll Modifiers Table on page 108).

If the character is not in hand-to-hand combat with his enemy when his movement phase comes up in the next round, he can go to running speed that next round.

I kinda like that take on it because it takes a round to get up to top speed so there's one round of concentrated "Get him!"

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Nope, you didn't miss anything.

The fact of the matter is, the current iteration of the D&D Next rule set is very light on the kind of tactical combat rules that we are used to having played previous editions (I can speak as a 4e player, what I know of 3.5 it sounds like the same story, I have no idea about previous editions). This is due to the fact that combat will be handled by the narrative or tactical modules that have yet to be released (or previewed). What we have right now seems like a rough sketch of what combat might look like in some bastardization of the two systems.

So, in the current system, speed wins, if you can outrun your opponent, and survive whatever ranged assault they choose to throw at you, you can safely get away. There is no risk of extra out of turn attacks at this point, there is no penalty to fleeing (in fact, you could even flee and fire if you're willing to flee slightly more slowly, and you out pace your rivals)

UPDATE: As noted by GMNoob below they have now added this mechanic. It works by introducing the Disengage action which allows you to take a 10' step away from your opponent while engaged in melee. If you disengage from melee without taking this action then you are subject to an opportunity action.

The final version of 5e has an opportunity attack mechanic. Since they are focusing less on positioning, they have allowed for you to move around within a creature's reach and opportunity attacks only trigger when you leave a creature's reach. They come at the cost of your reaction of which you only get one per round. More to the point of the question though, opportunity attacks in 5e aren't all that severe. however, the Sentinel feat will stop an opponent in their tracks (sets speed to 0) if your opportunity attack hits.

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I'm with wax on this. You could DM fiat in any edition and still can, but that's an approach, not the rules. –  Joshua Aslan Smith Jul 9 '12 at 20:26

There are now clear rules for Opportunity attacks when someone leaves your reach.

If you disengage from melee without using the Disengage action (This uses up your action) you are subject to an opportunity attack.

Disengaging from melee is defined as moving out of the reach of someone who's reach you are currently in. By taking the Disengage action, you can move freely without being subject to an opportunity attack.

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