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What are methods for clearly representing different languages (e.g. Elven, Dwarven, Deep Speech) in text-based online play?

We have tried footnotes and are using colored text (green for Elven, brown for Dwarven, blue for Deep), but ran into trouble choosing a wide set of colors that are not confusing.

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3 Answers

up vote 7 down vote accepted

There are many options, and as always which one works for your group will largely depend on the system and the players. So long as everyone agrees to abide by the chosen convention, whichever your group likes is great.


You're already experimenting with colored text, and @JonathanHobbs pointed out the excellent Is there an optimum set of colors for 10 players? thread to help you pick good colors. I'd just like to mention that you run the risk of alienating any colorblind players with this option.

HTML-type tagging

@p.marino covered this in more detail, and I'd like to propose a further simplification:

Dae'eravin: ELV A star shines on the hour of our meeting.

Jack: CMN What? I don't speak Fancy.


In some interfaces it's possible to use a different font for each language. I don't recommend this as it leads to illegible fonts and is easy to confuse unless the fonts are chosen perfectly. You'll also have to use a method that ensures everyone can load all the fonts properly.


A lesser form of the font option is to use italics, underlines, and other formatting options. This probably doesn't offer enough variation to cover your needs, and it places limits on the use of formatting for other purposes.


Bracketing phrases with symbols is another choice:

Dae'eravin: ~ A star shines on the hour of our meeting. ~

Jack: | What? I don't speak Fancy. |

Though you'll want to avoid symbols that are too similar, and cross-platform compatibility problems may crop up if you pick unusual ones.

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Thanks, I know there aren't really any rules, I was just after some conventions since if we all know what they are then we won't get confused between games. –  user6149 Jan 5 '13 at 12:02
I discarded most of your suggestions because are either impractical (fonts) or cannot work for more than 2-3 languages, so it really depends how the OP world is supposed to work. For Common/Elvish/Dwarfish it could be ok using glyphs like "|$" etc... –  p.marino Jan 5 '13 at 15:04
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I'm not sure I fully understand the problem you want to solve, but I'd take a stab anyway.

Suppose you are the DM textually describing a scene and want to remark if something is said (or written) in a specific language:

Seeing your party approaching the man at the gate raises a hand and says: < Common>"Hail, travellers"< /Common>

Of course you could use a shorter convention, as long as it is understandable by all players - or dispense with/shorten the closing tag:

Seeing your party approaching the man at the gate raises a hand and says: < Cmn>"Hail, travellers"< />

This should work for players, too, and can easily be added to descriptions of written words, too:

The sigil represents an eagle, and underneath the words : < Elvish>"Dark feathered"< /> are still barely legible, despite being almost completely worn out by use.

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Represent your languages with a visually distinct set of colours.

As a group, create a shared set of colours you'll apply from then on. Agree what colour represents, say, Dwarven, and have everyone use that colour when speaking Dwarven, always when speaking Dwarven, and only when speaking Dwarven.

The difficulty in this is creating that visually distinct set of colours. Over on GameDev.SE Sam Hocevar describes how to do this, specifically in the context of creating 10 distinct colours for player teams. The same logic may extend for a few more than 10 units whilst still being visually distinct.

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-1 for color as sole means - many people have poor color vision, and a not insignificant portion of the population are in fact colorblind. –  aramis Jan 8 '13 at 11:50
@aramis I was not attempting to suggest color as a sole means that trumps all other means, just one means. If it doesn't work for the group, they can use someone else's solution to the problem. –  Jonathan Hobbs Jan 8 '13 at 12:20
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