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I was thinking of starting a D&D 4e campaign with two of my friends. I will DM, and they will play. They are both quite new to RPGs, and I'm not very experienced as a DM. However, 2 players does not fill all roles (Striker, Leader, etc.). How do I balance the game so that it is challenging for them, but not impossible? Is it even possible to do this in a way that it still is for both the players and me?

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Look for classes that can multitask. Bards are especially good for that. If one guy can heal and offensive cast, and the other guy is melee DPS/tank, you'd have a fairly balanced party - just smaller. –  Dakeyras May 16 '13 at 17:40
    
This question about balancing a party might also be of interest. –  Dakeyras May 16 '13 at 17:42
    
Related: rpg.stackexchange.com/questions/7355/… –  SevenSidedDie May 16 '13 at 17:45
    
@Dakeyras - That is exactly what I did to teach my younger brother. He played a sword and shield fighter and I played a fully fledged NPC bard for support. I made sure there were plenty of minions for him to plow through while I made sure he stayed alive, shifted enemies around, and gave him MBAs. Had a lot of fun –  madrius May 16 '13 at 18:33
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Party Balance is relative, and frankly, overrated.

The roles in 4e refer to things that individual characters do well. Many classes can pull double duty in a second role if needed, but the thing that you're going to notice more is the lack of actions available to them per round than anything else. This means you'll likely want to design smaller encounters, or in larger encounters either the ability to smartly fight only a small section at a time or NPC allies to tie up the lines for a while (and allow the players to feel awesome/see their impact on the battle. So long as the NPCs can't do it without them)

Since there's only the two of them and both are new to RPGs, I'd recommend working with them to make characters that somewhat complement each other. If, however, they seem to have ideas that don't really mesh let them run with it. When the process is done, look at whatever they came up with and figure out how you can work against their strengths, rather than their weaknesses. (It is OK to face them with situations that accent their weaknesses as well, just make sure they get a chance to notice this before getting stomped by it. As DM you can always make sure that they have what they need, or at least reward good/creative ideas)

Here's a list on a Role by Role basis of the various strengths and weaknesses as I have experienced them. Note that this is combat focused (out of combat tends to not be strongly influenced by role other than maybe leader healing), and that these are generalities (it is frequently possible to build a character that subverts any one of these at the expense of other things).

Strikers

  • Good At: Taking out anything that doesn't have a ton of HP quickly. Getting around the battlefield.
  • Bad At: Holding the line against enemies. Surviving long term in combat without support. Handling crowds of weaker enemies.

Leaders

  • Good At: Strengthening the strengths and covering the weaknesses of their allies (depends a bit on focus). Keeping the group alive.
  • Bad At: Being a strong presence themselves in combat (they tend to function as a slightly less optimal version of one of the other three when fighting, though they will frequently assist allies while doing so)

Defenders

  • Good At: Holding the line. Stopping things from getting past them. Dealing with groups of weak enemies. Surviving.
  • Bad At: Chasing down things that don't try to get past them. Contributing large amounts of damage to single targets regularly (They can do good damage, about on par with Leaders on average, but not as good as Strikers)

Controllers

  • Good At: Controlling the flow of combat. Applying various useful status effects to enemies/environment. Dealing with large groups.
  • Bad At: Dealing damage directly. Staying alive if unable to effectively utilize their control.

Keep in mind when dealing with a small group like that, you do get a few advantages as well, such as the ability to handle small encounters fairly quickly compared to larger groups. They'll also (depending a bit on how they make their characters) be able to coordinate guerrilla tactics far more easily than a large group might be able to. Outside of combat, the ability to only have to split spotlight between two characters will make your job as DM much easier.

Overall, try things out with an eye to what works well and what doesn't for your players. You should fairly quickly get a feel for what makes the game the most enjoyable for all three of you.

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you can mess around with various encounter types if you also throw in some support NPCs, to join the team for 1-2 encounters as appropriate. –  blueberryfields May 16 '13 at 18:52
    
@blueberryfields Agreed, this can also add some depth to the world as it will make the world feel less empty. I actually have a group of 7-8 players myself and I still find throwing in some support useful when I want to make a combat bigger than they could handle alone. Just gotta keep in mind it will slow down combat a bit, as if you'd added more monsters. –  Lunin May 16 '13 at 19:17
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I play in a two-person game myself, and it's lots of fun! There's already some great advice here, so I'll try to touch on some simple things that helped our game.

  • Make sure you tailor your encounters to fit your party size. There are rules for this in the DMG.
  • Build your encounters to include more terrain, traps and other challenges besides monsters.
  • Consider adding a companion characters. There are rules in the DMG2 for building them. We added a template to the companion to buff him up a bit, and it worked out pretty great.
    • For added simplicity, create a companion that cannot speak, such as a animal.
    • Alternatively, make a character for yourself, if you don't mind DMing and playing.
  • If you have access to the Dark Sun Campaign Guide (or have an Insider account), use Inherent bonuses. You get bonuses to Attack, Damages, and defense at alternating levels, as well as extra crit damage. This can allow you to run a low-magic item game, which might be easier for newer players to manage.
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