# Is the duration of a power measured on the caster or the recipient?

Many powers in Savage Worlds have a duration measured in turns/actions, typically three. Are these turns measured as caster-turns or as recipient-turns?

If duration is measured at the caster, the fact that that action cards are randomly dealt on each round means that the recipient may benefit from the power for 2, 3, or 4 of their actions. On the other hand, if duration is measured at the recipient, it is unclear whether they benefit before their "first" turn or after their "last" if the caster acts before/after, resulting again in unclear duration of the benefits or penalties.

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