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Playing D&D4e, I have a situation in mind where a character could reasonably WANT to get hit with a normally harmful attack. Is there anything in the rules allowing the character to purposefully take the hit, not even bothering to attempt to defend or dodge out of the way of it?

For example, a dragonborn character makes a breath attack that includes an ally in its blast. The dragonborn has the Nusemnee's Atonement feat, which allows a player whose AOE damages an ally to take the ally's damage instead. This can be paired with a dragonborn feat that recharges your racial dragonbreath power when you take damage of the type it deals. This combination lets the dragonborn recharge their dragonbreath as long as they hit an ally with it. Normally you'd want your ally to at least have a chance to dodge your AOE first, but in this combo, it's best if they can allow themselves to get hit!

Can the ally choose not to defend against the attack, purposefully taking the hit, knowing that the character making the attack will take the damage in his place?

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4 Answers 4

Although the option to give up and be auto-hit is not explicitly denied, power descriptions are written assuming that threats are real and that all combatants are using their best efforts to hit and avoid being hit. For instance, the allocation of so many hit points of damage, as opposed to just dying when struck with lethal force, is because even when "hit" it is assumed you have deflected or avoided most of the blow, and are only truly vulnerable when all the energy to fight has gone from you.

Some powers work less well, or can be abused, if these assumptions are not played out.

The equivalent rule in the positive sense - that to gain the benefits associated with hitting an enemy, it has to be a real attack - is called the "Bag of Rats" rule.

There is no RAW for a character directly allowing themselves to be struck by an ally in order to gain a side benefit. In fact the assumption in the game rules is that even when they have been "hit" that they have managed to prevent themselves being outright killed by actively resisting or avoiding the attack.

With that interpretation, a particularly harsh ruling might say that character that simply gave up and allowed themselves to be struck by a lethal attack such as their ally's breath weapon should be killed outright (and using the Atonement should have a similar effect on the Dragonborn). The thing that prevents PCs being similar to minions in this respect is their pool of hit points that represents the character resisting this end result.

Just to be clear, I am not advocating that ruling, just pointing out that it would be logically consistent with game design.

I think that a character/team build that relies on this effect needs discussion with a DM before using it in play, as it is subject to DM interpretation of the rules. wax eagle suggested in comments that it might be reasonable to have the Dragonborn's ally expend an action to grant Combat Advantage to them, in order to set up the self-recharge.

Where you end up on scale from "fun tactic" to "over-optimised weirdness" I cannot judge - hopefully you have a DM who's willing to experiment and you can give it a try and figure out something that's fun for the group.

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I cannot think of a rule which allows or prohibits what you are suggesting. It would be players choice. The Conditions in 4e do not cover a character opting to not defend against a single attack (http://dnd4.wikia.com/wiki/Condition).

A Condition such as Prone or Surprised does not apply, as the character is not opting to give Combat Advantage, only not trying to defend.

As Ryno said Armor bonus, cover, lighting effects would still apply to the Attack roll. I'd also say that the Dex adjustment to AC should also not apply if the character is not trying to move out of the way. Perhaps even allow the Dex modifier to be reversed if the character is trying to be hit.

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What do conditions have to do with defending from an attack (or not)? –  doppelgreener Mar 11 at 23:30
hi Johnathan - I'm not sure that the cause has any direct prescribed link to a Condition. Not a 1 to 1 unfortunately. –  ironboundtome Mar 12 at 3:07
Right, but the first two paragraphs are talking about conditions and I'm not sure why. –  doppelgreener Mar 12 at 3:47

I doubt someone trying to get hit would be much easier to hit than someone who's unconscious.

Unconscious is a condition that carries with it a -5 penalty to all defenses. It also makes the character Helpless, which causes them to grant combat advantage. There are other effects, but these are the ones that affect your attack modifier (ignoring the possibility of the creature falling prone).

Seems like a -5 penalty to your defenses and granting combat advantage to your ally when choosing to get hit would be in line with this.

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The way I would handle this is by checking what bonuses the character has and how choosing to take the attack would work. For example, let's say a character's AC is the base 10, +4 for armor, and +2 for dex bonus. This is a total of 16 AC. I consider the base 10 as the enemy's chance to miss. As in, even if a naked person were standing still, there is still a chance the enemy just swings terribly and misses. So that would be included in the "want to get hit" AC. The armor bonus is still there. If an enemy hits the armor, the hit doesn't work. The dex bonus is completely thrown out, as the person is trying to get hit so he won't be dodging. That gives us a "want to get hit" AC of 14. Now, as the person is trying to get hit, I would also grant the enemy combat advantage.

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