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I'm wondering how specific the choice of the weapon has to be when a PC picks the Weapon Focus feat.

I assume the same is true for Weapon Specialization.

For example;

Could a PC take Weapon Focus: Bows or would it have to be Weapon Focus: Longbow

Would either one of those apply to Composite Bows as well?

My confusion comes from the fact that the Weapon Focus feat states the following;

Choose one type of weapon. You can also choose unarmed strike or grapple (or ray, if you are a spellcaster) as your weapon for the purposes of this feat.

Emphasis mine. It's unclear to me if as a spellcaster you have to pick 1 ray or rays in general so then I started wondering how specific you had to be with these feats.

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up vote 12 down vote accepted

For bows, you need to say the type of bow. For example longbow or short bow.

Composite bows use the same feats as the non-composite variant of the weapon.

from the composite longbow description:

For purposes of Weapon Proficiency and similar feats, a composite longbow is treated as if it were a longbow.

For rays, weapon focus(ray) & weapon specialization(ray) is enough.

from the faq (emphasis mine):

Weapon Specialization: Can you take Weapon Specialization (ray) or Improved Critical (ray) as feats? How about Weapon Specialization (bomb) or Improved Critical (bomb)?

All four of those are valid choices.

Note that Weapon Specialization (ray) only adds to hit point damage caused by a ray attack that would normally deal hit point damage; it doesn't increase ability score damage or drain (such as the Dexterity drain from polar ray), penalties to ability scores (such as from ray of enfeeblement) or drain, negative levels (such as from enervation), or other damage or penalties from rays.

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