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Been looking over the warlock because I thought it would be cool to make a spellcaster that can also mix it up in melee combat. After all how awesome isn't it to conjure up a magical weapon and start swinging.

Except after a careful read through of the warlock's abilities I can't help wonder why a warlock would do anything in combat except spam eldritch blast over and over?

It does a 1d10 in damage at level 1 so right from the start it's more powerful than all weapons except the big two-handed ones, which a warlock is unlikely to use anyhow due to somatic spell-restrictions and finesse builds.

Sure, a warlock's magical weapon can be boosted by two incantations to add charisma bonus to damage and give it an extra attack. But eldritch blast gets the same damage bonus plus two other boosted abilities from incantations AND the number of its attack increases at set levels to a whooping 4 attacks at level 17.

Now I was drawn to the warlock because I wanted to make a swashbuckling style of caster except now it feels like with the exception of a few other situational spells doing anything else except spamming eldritch blast in combat feels unnecessary and only done for role playing reasons. Sort of a self-nerf to look cool rather than be effective.

Things doesn't get better when you realize that the warlock's proficiency in light armour is pretty much for show too. As it gets an incantation that lets it cast mage armour on itself without any cost which gives you better AC than any light armour but have the requirement that you don't wear any armour making the ability to wear armour redundant.

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You are absolutely right, an Eldritch Blaster is usually stronger

After the 2nd level, when you get Agonizing Blast you can do d10+Cha damage, the same as a Longsword two-handed, if you are Strength primary. You can attack twice with both on level 5. At level 11 Eldritch Blast pulls ahead with 3 attacks, and the Charisma bonus on the Pact Weapon damage on next level can not compensate for this, unless you take the Polearm Master feat.
Add to this that a Blaster only needs Charisma, while with a Pact Blade you need Strength if you want to do good damage and Charisma for the spells.

However, I think you look at it all wrong.
A melee Warlock is is on par with a Ranger on most levels, somewhat smaller base damage and HP, same number of attacks, same AC, but better versatility. This shows it is viable as a build. You can even drop Charisma completely, focusing on roll-less spells, like Hex, where it does not matter.
The Eldritch Blast is just a bonus. Not using it is indeed self-nerfing, but only in a way playing a Rogue instead of a Fighter is self-nerfing.

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A Rogue has a variety of in-combat and out-of-combat abilities that a Fighter does not, and vice versa. A Bladelock has the same abilities as a Blastlock, but the Bladelock's are fewer in number due to obligatory invocations, and inferior due to less damage. So no, your analogy is complete nonsense. – Strill Dec 19 '15 at 5:21
Sacrificing CHA for STR as a Bladelock still doesn't improve your damage above a blastlock but also cripples your spellcasting options. There's no benefit. – Strill Dec 19 '15 at 5:26

So there are a few things which you are not correctly taking into account.

  1. You get a limited number of invocations. So while you can specialize all your invocations into Eldritch blast, you are really missing out on versatility. Same with choosing Armor of Shadows over Light Armor.

  2. Eldritch blast is 1d10. (avg 5.5) A summoned longsword is 1d8+dex/str and you can later use an invocation to also add your charisma bonus. (1d8+str+cha for example) So it's likely going to be 1d8+2 (avg 6.5) and then at level 12 1d8+7 (avg 11.5). If you use a two handed weapon, it become even better. Making the summoned weapon better than eldritch blast. In order to be better than your static damage modifier, you generally need to go up 3 dice sizes.

  3. Eldritch blast is a ranged attack, and so suffers from the same drawbacks that all ranged attacks have. Being able to both used Eldritch blast, and a melee weapon gives you greater versatility.

  4. While Eldritch blast or your pact weapon are an at will go to attack options, you have many other spells that you will likely want to use, and should not just limit yourself to your "basic attack".

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A pure warlock will be using EB a lot most likely. But with very little work, you can build a Warlock that is a melee monster. is the one I've worked out. Pretty solid at range (low CHR), but can nearly keep up with the melee classes in the long haul, has a few pretty solid nova options

  • Armor of Agathys plus rage is gross--he'll do more damage passively in the first round than the fighter will in 2 rounds)
  • In the right situation nothing beats a fireball
  • Sitting in darkness and spamming blasts (he can see, they almost certainly can't) He also has a few out-of-combat options (minor illusion, fly, see in nearly any darkness to 120')

I think similar options exist for a paladin.

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+1 for "in the right situation, nothing beats a fireball." Many people seem to undervalue a well-placed and/or well-timed blaster spell, even if specializing in blasting has historically been weaker than specializing in control for mages. That's why I think it's important a caster should have one or two. – Lucas Leblanc Nov 6 '15 at 15:38

So far, my personal experience is building the same kind of character you are speaking about, a swashbuckling-style Warlock. Now, while I don't have all the theorycrafting knowledge these other guys do, I can tell you what I'm planning on and I think it'll work out rather nicely.

Human Warlock, Pact of the Blade, Archfey. First off, the feats I'm planning to pick up are Medium Armor Prof, Warcaster, and Defensive Duelist. If it feels right, I'll pick up Medium Armor Master too. What that does is it gives me incredible survivability without taking away my ability to spellcast in melee combat.

The general idea is to use a Rapier, since I'm a dex build (8str) and a shield in my other arm. That, plus MAP/MAM gives me a pretty high AC. That can get even higher if I use Defensive Duelist. Yes, it takes up my reaction, but it can be used AFTER a confirmed hit. Generally you get told if you're hit or automatically hit (they rolled a 20) so if they auto-hit, you don't waste it.

Combo this with Mirror Image. No concentration, 3 images, and you roll to see if they hit those instead of you. They don't have nearly the same AC I do but that's fine, they're there to take one hit and poof. Now, if I'm not auto-hit, and they don't hit an image, but hit me directly, I can use DD to add my proficiency bonus to my AC and force them to attack THAT number. Since my AC would already be pretty high, I've got a good shot at going over 20 with that boost, which is hard to hit. So it's a pretty safe bet that I'll deflect almost everything coming at me.

This makes me sort of a tank, just not as good as an actual tank, and it requires a lot of feats, hence variant human. What this DOESNT do, is eat up my invocations. I only need to spend 2 on the Pact of the Blade boosts, and those only come at 5th and 12th. This leaves me open for casting False Life at will, so I almost always enter combat with 8 temp HP. That has saved my ass pretty well so far in Horde of the Dragon Queen. Devil's Sight is nice too, seeing through even MAGICAL DARKNESS. BBEG casts Darkness, you're fine, go up, stab him in the face. It doesn't delay you until your cleric(if you even have one) uses Daylight.

Part of the reason I picked Archfey is because I wanted the flavor of it, the other part is all the abilities work best when you're in close. Fey Presence can only hit a 10-foot square adjacent to you, so if they're not near you, it's useless. Fear for 1 turn is nice, and can make low-wis characters like the Big Stupid Fighter turn and run for long enough to give your party breathing room. Misty Escape lets you get the heck out of dodge if you are in trouble, and in melee, you're likely to get in trouble more often than if you're at range. Another reason is Greater Invisibility gets added to your spell list. It can be great for getting a good positioning on the boss, and with the added staying power of the rest of the build, you can actually hold that position well and deal good damage.

Spells will always hit harder than weapons, and some cantrips are more useful or powerful than weapons, that's just the way it is. But it's not really a big nerf to choose to build for melee combat, since you can then do something no Eldritch Blast spec warlock can: hold the line for the party.

So far, I'm only level 4, but I can see this playing out very nicely in the long run. It'll only get more effective the more levels you gain, which is the mark of a good build. Anything truly effective should get better with time(and EXP!).

I hope this helps give you ideas!

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Position from which this answer is sourced: Level 8 Half-elf Warlock, Pact of the Tome, the Great Old One Patron. Invocations: Mask of Many Faces, Book of Ancient Secrets (Spare the Dying, Shocking Grasp, Guidance), and Agonizing Blast (+Cha).

No. While it is the primary offensive tool for Pact of the Tome or Pact of the Chain and has an impressive damage output, it is mainly there to compensate for the shortage of spell slots. With those spell slots, you can control the battlefield: Hunger of Hadar, Dissonant Whispers, and Tasha's Hideous Laughter to name a few. By staying out of the fray and maintaining concentration, you can strategically limit the number of foes your party has to face. With Find Familiar via Book of Ancient Secrets, you can gather up some spectral goo into the form of an owl (does not provoke opportunity attacks), and deliver your touch spells at range. Plushy healer cornered by the bulky minotaur; cast shocking grasp through the owl, and lock down opportunity attacks. PC on the ground burning through death saves; Spare the Dying.

Become the controller, own the battlefield.

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You're correct. Melee warlocks are weak. However, there are a few things that may give the melee warlock greater potential in certain scenarios.

Caveat: I'm not saying the following points are enough to compensate, but they should be considered.

1. Melee attacks don't take Disadvantage

Eldritch Blast is a ranged attack, and gets disadvantage when used in melee range. Pact Weapon does not.

2. Multi-class potential

While a single-class Warlock is relatively limited in options, multiclassing as a Warlock has the potential to compensate for the class's weakness in melee. For example, starting as a level 1 Fighter or Paladin gives you heavy armor proficiency and a fighting style. Paladins can also make great use of Warlock spell slots with their Divine Smite ability.

3. Feats Can Help

While Eldritch Blast surpasses melee damage with equal resource expenditure, if you're willing to spend additional resources, it's possible to match or surpass Eldritch Blast. With Polearm Mastery, melee attacking can exceed Eldritch Blast's damage at levels 1 - 10. However, at levels 11-20, you'll also need reliable reaction attacks in order to continue to surpass Eldritch Blast.

Also note that this build suffers from MAD unless you have heavy armor proficiency. It's likely that either your +hit bonus or your spellcasting attribute will suffer if you choose this route without multiclassing. You also won't benefit from Repelling Blast.

4. Weapon Attacks Synergize with Spells

Eldritch Blast cannot benefit from poison, or spells like Haste or Elemental Weapon.

Warlock damage is a conundrum. Pact weapon's two invocations give the warlock nigh-identical damage to a Paladin of their level, but Eldritch Blast is still much stronger and requires fewer resources spent in it. So from one perspective, Pact Weapon could be said to be balanced against Paladin damage, but from another perspective, it's not balanced against Eldritch Blast. Improve Pact Weapon and then Paladin damage is too weak. A houserule that lowers Eldritch Blast's damage is the only thing that could truly solve this issue.

Ultimately this problem renders single-class melee warlocks somewhat of an afterthought. Your most obvious benefit will be the ability to attack in melee without disadvantage, but it'll cost you several invocations if you want to keep your damage up, and even then you still won't be doing as much as Eldritch Blast. Not using Eldritch Blast also means you don't get to benefit from Repelling Blast, one of the most powerful abilities in the game. You also lose out on the powerful benefits of the other two Pact boons. Ultimately your optimal strategy will be to use Eldritch Blast the majority of the time regardless, with the Blade Pact serving as a fallback option, not a primary specialization.

It's possible to be a melee warlock if you really want to, but it's unlikely that you'll be anywhere close to optimal unless you find some multi-class combos.

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While Eldritch Blast is a potent attack ability in its own right, it is easy to build a Warlock that deals significantly more damage with his Pact Weapon in melee combat. Anyone who claims that melee is always inferior to Eldritch Blast is simply wrong.

I previously asked a question regarding how to optimize a Strength-based Warlock that primarily uses 2-handed weapons in melee combat. I ended up writing and accepting my own answer which provides details for a build capable of doing noticeably higher damage on average per round with a Pact Weapon (greatsword or maul works best, see below).

Note that due to the size of the previously referenced answer, it is impractical to reproduce the entirety of my detailed analysis. What follows is a brief summary. I encourage you to check out the entire analysis before rushing to judgment.

On average, this build does roughly ~64 damage per attack sequence with his Pact Weapon while the Eldritch Blast with all of the damage increasing invocations tops out at ~56 damage. Although a big part of this superiority is dependent on choosing a weapon that deals 2d6 damage (hence greatsword or maul) for synergy with Great Weapon Fighting style (obtained from a dip in Fighter, which also gets you Heavy Armor proficiency) and further specializing by picking up the Great Weapon Master feat, there are other factors to consider.

For example, being in melee range means that your enemies are more likely to trigger abilities which deal damage when you get hit (Hellish Rebuke, Armor of Agathys, and Fire Shield). Also, that Eldritch Blast damage assumes that you hit with each of Eldritch Blast's attack rolls. Since you make two melee attacks per sequence, you only need to hit twice. However, Eldritch Blast requires succeeding on four separate attack rolls per casting at higher levels in order to get optimal damage. You're much more likely to blow one of those Eldritch Blast rolls than you are to blow one of your melee rolls simply by virtue of having more chances to fail.

While you can use tactics that increase accuracy (such as Darkness + Devil's Sight which Snowpaw mentions in his answer), these strategies provide better returns by being used to increase melee accuracy to cancel out the penalty from Great Weapon Master because really there is just no way for Eldritch Blast to beat the +10 static damage bonus that it grants. As GMNoob correctly points out, increasing your dice size pales in comparison to a big static damage modifier on average. Furthermore, using Darkness for ranged attacks is inferior to using it for melee attacks because when you cast Darkness on your Pact Weapon, the Darkness moves with you (assuming you are carrying the weapon with you) for the remainder of its duration. If you cast it on a point at range, it stays there and cannot be moved meaning you have basically wasted one of your precious Warlock spell slots for an extremely short-lived temporary buff because you were better off casting Hex which is easier to maintain for long periods of time with a single casting. At best you can use Darkness at range 4 times between short rests at maximum level, and then you're gimped until you can rest again. Casting it on your Pact Weapon you can get 10 minutes out of it reliably every time with a single casting which is usually enough for several separate encounters assuming they take place in rapid succession:

  • 6 seconds = 1/10 minute = 1 round.
  • 1 minute = 10 rounds.
  • 10 minutes = 100 rounds.

Lastly, it's also worth mentioning that using 2-handed weapons does not hinder casting with somatic components! The recent Player's Handbook errata says the following:

Two-Handed (p. 147). This property is relevant only when you attack with the weapon, not when you simply hold it.

So there is nothing to prevent you from removing a hand from your hilt to cast a spell with a somatic component (which can also be the hand holding your arcane focus or your spell component pouch) and then re-gripping it with both hands to make melee attacks. I got permission from my DM to wear the Crystal arcane focus as a necklace which I can simply reach up to grab quickly and then let go once I'm finished casting so that it doesn't need to be stowed away in a belt pouch or in my backpack during the heat of battle.

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I just think your answer skips over the downsides of the build without taking them into the account in the analysis. It is not to critisize your build, I actually think it is very competitive, but still not worth it (from a min/max perspective) because you need a lot of feats, tactics and invocations to make it work (i.e. EB will be strictly superior for almost all levels, and even under most circumstances in level 20). Also note that you CAN take advantage of Darkness with an EB build. Just cast Darkness on a rock that you hold. – tahatmat Jul 1 '15 at 5:26

Pretty much you just spam EB all the time. The warlock spell list is lame unless you make a deal with the literal devil, so your heavy hitter is always EB.

Of course you can get creative in using EB ... example:

I went with the Paladin8/Warlock12 build (Currently Paladin 4/Warlock4) and have the feats Warcaster and Polearm Mastery. This allows me to Pact Blade a glaive or quarter staff to provoke an AoO on anyone entering reach of my character (Don't know why any caster wouldn't take this feet combo) so I can EB them and knock them back up to 20 feet (at my level) away from me. Since they are just entering reach there is no disadvantage on using EB.

The Warlock spell list is so lame (went Archfey/The Anchients because its the only Warlock/Paladin combo that make sense atm) that I am basically just using my warlock spell slots to cast paladin searing smites and cure wounds.

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Welcome to the site! Please take a moment to check out the tour and the help center to get an idea of how things work. – Miniman Jun 23 '15 at 6:37
The OA from Polearm Mastery must be taken with the weapon. – tahatmat Jun 30 '15 at 12:02

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