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Does Protection from Evil protect against Fear in Pathfinder?

Note that Protection from Evil is written a little differently in Pathfinder than in D&D 3.5:

Second, the subject immediately receives another saving throw (if one was allowed to begin with) against any spells or effects that possess or exercise mental control over the creature (including enchantment [charm] effects and enchantment [compulsion] effects)... (Pathfinder Core p. 328)

The Fear spell is necromancy [fear, mind-affecting] (p. 281). I would consider it an attempt to exercise mental control, since it has the [mind-affecting] descriptor, and you are trying to make them take an action (drop what they're holding, and flee in terror). However, the rules seem murky on this point.

Can anyone either confirm or refute that Protection from Evil/Good is proof against Fear?

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up vote 8 down vote accepted

Pathfinder states that each spell of the Enchantment school as well as each Pattern and Phantasm spell in the Illusion school is Mind-Affecting. See Mind-AffectingD20PFSRD definition and the MagicD20PFSRD chapter for reference.

Mind-Affecting
Enchantment spells affect the minds of others, influencing or controlling their behavior. A mind-affecting spell works only against creatures with an Intelligence score of 1 or higher.
All enchantments, illusion (patterns), and illusion (phantasms) are mind-affecting.

So it seems more like a definition of the Enchantment school instead of the definition of the Mind-Affecting descriptor.

Protection from Evil, as you pointed out does not mention the Mind-Affecting descriptor, but states that:

[...] the subject immediately receives another saving throw (if one was allowed to begin with) against any spells or effects that possess or exercise mental control over the creature (including enchantment [charm] effects and enchantment [compulsion] effects). [...]

If we accept these two assumptions:

  1. The Mind-Affecting definition does not only refers to Enchantment and Illusion spells (and the Necromancy-tied Fear seems to suggest so).
  2. An effect with the Mind-Affecting descriptor is eligible to get a second saving throw under a Protection from Evil spell.

Then the answer is Yes.

Note that this answer specifically address your citation of the Fear's Mind-Affecting descriptor. One could also argue that, as long as the Protection from Evil wording is concerned, a Fear actually triggers the abjuration spell's condition outright because - in fact - it exercise influence over the target's course of action.

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I'd suggest you to wait at least a day before accepting, in order to give the opportunity to other users to post an answer better than mine. ^_^ –  Erik Burigo May 23 '11 at 8:12
    
Answer clarification - is that a "yes, it protects againt fear," or "no, because if you use that reasoning it protects against like everything"? –  mxyzplk May 23 '11 at 12:16
    
Right! I'm going to edit accordingly. –  Erik Burigo May 23 '11 at 12:34
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