The full quote is:
Awareness cannot be used as an Investigation Skill in its own right, but it can be used to assist an Investigation skill. - Inquisitors Handbook, p225
Awareness is about noticing things, but you still need to know how to recognise that something is worth investigating further. That's the difference between an observation and a clue.
If we look at the skills with the Investigation attribute, we see they fall into three groups, based on their associated attribute:
What you know (Int)
Chem-use, Lores and Evaluate allow you to realise
- that those needles are for illicit drugs rather than medicines (Chem-use or Scholastic Lore: Chymistry);
- whether the scratches around the door are from an attempt to break in (Common Lore: Underworld) or made by an animal (Scholastic Lore: Beasts);
- whether that the art on the wall in a valuable ancient artefact (Evaluate or Scholastic Lore: Legend) or a worthless heretical icon (one or more Forbidden Lores).
What you can find out (Fel)
Inquiry and Interrogation are both about getting people to talk to you, whether by guile or authority, but these don't work well in isolation. You still need awareness to notice things that might be worth asking about, and you definitely need Scrutiny to recognise when people are lying to you.
What you can infer (Int)
Logic is all about putting the clues together, finding the links and breaking the code. This is the long term goal of an Investigation.