What are the bonuses or penalties associated with shield size in AD&D 2nd edition? There is some disagreement on this in a Gaming.SE answer; this seems like a much better venue for posing the question.
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There are four shield types in Second Edition - body, buckler, medium, and small. The benefits and penalties are clearly spelled out in the rules.
The shield becomes much more valuable in defense if, in your campaign, you use "Skills and Powers" or "Combat and Tactics" rules, and allow the character to take shield profeciency. That table has additive defense for each of the four shield types, increasing with the size of the shield. That is additive the normal amount of defense obtained from shield use. These really makes the shield more desirable to use. I had a campaign where most fighters were using two weapons, now most opt for the shield.