The process of creating items within the game fiction or mechanics. May includes various types of smithing, alchemy, magic item creation, and other durable or consumable goods, depending on the game.
Crafting is the process by which objects are created by characters in the game world. While the crafting systems vary from game to game, typically crafting takes significant time (precluding crafting during combat-scale time). Some games make crafting a viable means of character advancement or character specialization.