Hot answers tagged wizard
That is correct. As you quoted, each wizard's spellbook notation is unique, therefore you can't prepare spells from someone else's book. You must first copy the spell into your own book (deciphering the notation in the process), after which you can prepare it as normal.
This is how Wizards prepare spells (PHB p. 114): You prepare the list of wizard spells that are available for you to cast. To do so, choose a number of wizard spells from your spellbook ... You can only prepare spells that are in your spellbook. You can't crib off someone else's notes! This is how you add spells to your spellbook (PHB p. 114): ...
Sorry, no, you can't re-use them. A prepared spell in Vancian systems like D&D's is a one-and-done deal: it's impossible* to retain the full form of it after casting it once, and it's similarly impossible** to keep the full forms in memory in any way. The closest you can get is to avoid casting at least one copy of each spell until you can write it down ...
Yes and yes. Characters without access to any schools of magic can benefit from those items, too!
The only thing that a wizard with a prohibited school can't do is actually casting spells from that school. Therefore, the answer to your question is yes. To specify a bit more, the wizard can't: Cast spells of that school using wizard spell slots. Cast spells of that school from scrolls. Cast spells of that school from wands. Cast spells of that school ...
Bottom line up front: there are many options here, but I don’t think a second level of beguiler is the best of them. If you took another level of beguiler, you would get the class features of Beguiler 2 (Cloaked Casting, Surprise Casting), and it would progress your beguiler spellcasting (so if you took it after those levels of ultimate magus, just before ...
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