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A simulacrum of a fighter is created with the simulacrum spell. Of course it was used for combat, and became a bit worse for wear. But it has the class features of the fighter, including Second Wind.

Can the simulacrum make use of Second Wind to recover HP?

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As written, yes, but that is not the intent

The text of the simulacrum spell says:

The simulacrum lacks the ability to learn or become more powerful, so it never increases its level or other abilities, nor can it regain expended spell slots.

If the simulacrum is damaged, you can repair it in an alchemical laboratory, using rare herbs and minerals worth 100 gp per hit point it regains.

You could maybe argue that regaining hit points by using second wind makes the simulacrum "more powerful" than it was when it had fewer hit points, but that is a pretty stretched interpretation of that line, because it also loses the ability to use second wind, and that makes it less powerful by pretty much the same measure. And apart from that line, there is no text that forbids your healing the simulacrum in any way.

The text says that you can repair it, but it does not say that you cannot heal it. It does not say that the only way to restore hit points is to repair it. And in 5e, constructs can be healed like other creatures just fine, unless they have text saying otherwise. So, technically, as written, you can heal it, and probably also use second wind to heal it.

You also can argue, as this answer does, that the alchemical procedure would be meaningless if there were other significantly cheaper and simpler repeatable methods of healing the simulacrum. Nobody would spend all that time and money and hassle, if they can just lay on hands or cure wounds their simulacrum. And as you can see from the linked questions (and the highly upvoted answer on this one), community consensus is that is how it should be played. As you will see below, it is also how the designers intended it. But it is not how it is written.

Designer intent: Regaining hit points

There are multiple tweets by Jeremy Crawford, that the alchemical procedure is the only way to have the simulacrum regain hit points, and this is not a case where he is inconsistent. There is this tweet:

Q: Can the creature created by Simulacrum be healed by spells?

A: To restore hit points to a simulacrum, you must use the costly alchemical procedure mentioned in the spell.

He does not make any exception, not even for Wish. Gandalfmeansme found yet another tweet asking about hit dice explicitly where Jeremy again confirms:

Q: Is the intent of Simulacrum that it can be healed through magic,hit die/resting,or ONLY through the alchemical process?

A: The intent is that the simulacrum (PH, 276) can be healed only by the alchemical process.

Designer intent: use features once and then nevermore

Additional tweets by Jeremy state that a simulacrum cannot regain spent features.

The creation is meant to be unable to regain use of any of its features that it expends (RAI)

In a followup he suggested there may be errata to this effect in the future and that

A simulacrum is meant to lose efficacy over time, essentially running out of juice, until only at-will abilities remain.

You could argue that regaining hit dice is such a not-at-will ability, and thereby it should be possible to use the hit dice the simulacrum got during its creation at least once, during a short or long rest.

However, since specific overrules general, then the specific, explicit ruling about hit points overrides the more general one about using up features

Conclusion

Jeremy Crawford's tweets are not official any more. You can of course decide to ignore his missives about designer intent, and rely only on what is written in the official rules.

Consider that simulacrum is widely seen as a spell that is already broken, effectively doubling your spell slots and actions and providing unlimited ritual casting. I think it is wise to employ any reasonable restrictions.

You should clarify how this is handled with your DM.

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    \$\begingroup\$ In the game I played in, where I played a wizard who used simulacrum, we ended up house-ruling that everything could be used once. It was a very effective house rule. So in the case the OP poses, that means the sim could use Second Wind once, but then nevermore. \$\endgroup\$
    – Jack
    Mar 16 at 21:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ Conclusion: The text of Simulacrum desperately needs to divorce itself from previous versions of the game and get a full rewrite. \$\endgroup\$ Mar 18 at 13:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ Appreciated the mention. \$\endgroup\$ Mar 18 at 14:06
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Recovering HP calls for the simulacrum to be repaired

If the simulacrum is damaged, you can repair it in an alchemical laboratory, using rare herbs and minerals worth 100 gp per hit point it regains. The simulacrum lasts until it drops to 0 hit points, at which point it reverts to snow and melts instantly. (PHB p. 276)

This argues against the simulacrum being healed via any means, be it second wind or otherwise. Repair, not heal. That's the rules-text-centric response.


That said, I think a ruling that an internal "repair" via second wind isn't OP, and is an interesting application of that Fighter class feature to this corner case. I'd probably rule in favor of that restoring HP as a DM.


Related Q&A is here; it goes into detail as regards both intent and the mechanics.

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How we homeruled this

In one of our campaigns, I played a wizard who used simulacrum, using it from 13th level, through 20th. My wizard pretty much always had a simulacrum.

Simulacrum is a challenging spell, just look at how many posts there are about it here. The half hit points makes it really vulnerable, and players not surprisingly try to find every edge case they can, to make the sim last longer.

We made a series of houserules, and one of them was a general rule that covers a fighter's Second Wind.

Our rule

  • For any renewable resource, the simulacrum can use it until it is gone, but not renew it

So, in the case of a fighter's Second Wind, they would get it once, and never after.

We were very satisfied with this rule, and it worked very well. It helped make the spell powerful, but not game-breaking.

It also thematically fulfilled the designer intent referred to in a tweet, as discussed in detail in Nobody's answer:

A simulacrum is meant to lose efficacy over time, essentially running out of juice, until only at-will abilities remain.

I'll also note, the DM strictly enforced simulacrum's casting time and material components. Early in the wizard's sim-casting days, the material component cost was pretty pricey, by the end, it mattered not at all. Sometimes, getting that much snow and ice was a challenge, and sometimes the time pressure of the adventure prevented the creation of a new sim; all of this made the existing sim itself a resource very difficult to renew, and greatly improved the playability.

Conclusion

From a game management perspective, using a sim in combat is tricky. If it is just added to initiative as if it were a second PC, it just bogs down combat.

This was not satisfactory to us.

My sim did just straight-up participate in combat a few times, but aside from social situations, we most often we used it tactically in unusual battle situations; for instance, when defending the castle from hoards of undead, it was off-stage, at the back of the castle, relaying status via group chat telepathic bond, and directing minions.

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