Looking at the spellcasting progression, casters only get a single 8th and a single 9th level slot, from when the spell level becomes available up to the 20th level(1). A similar situation happens to all spell levels starting at 6th: a second 6th slot is only gained at level 19, and a second 7th slot only on the 20th.
In all the previous editions (in which spell slots were a thing) casters would progress and earn a few more higher level slots.
What were the design reasons for such a limitation / change?
(1): Considering only the default class spell progression. Epic boons and other features that may add spell slots are disregarded.
Note: this is a designer-reasons question, so please back your answers with quotes from the game developers.