# Can you jump over an enemy?

Assuming a +5 strength modifier and 10 feet of movement prior, can you jump over a medium sized creature to land on the other side?

• Are you concerned about getting an Opportunity Attack? – NautArch Nov 29 '17 at 1:08
• Yes. I also have access to the jump spell – Whichwitch'switch Nov 29 '17 at 1:58
• Is the PC a fighter(champion) of level 7 or higher? If yes, that would influence the answer due to "remarkable athlete" and if no, then it would not. – KorvinStarmast May 22 '18 at 12:21

# Yes, in most cases

Half-orc 4'10" +2d10

Page 121 of the PHB

Half-orcs being the tallest medium creature in the PHB and their tallest they can get to is 6'6".

High Jump

When you make a high jump, you leap into the air a number of feet equal to 3 + your Strength modifier if you move at least 10 feet on foot immediately before the jump. When you make a standing high jump, you can jump only half that distance. Either way, each foot you clear on the jump costs a foot of movement. In som e circumstances, your DM might allow you to make a Strength (Athletics) check to jump higher than you normally can. Page 182 of the PHB

Assuming a +5 str we would calculate 3'+5'=8' which is greater than the 6'6" of our half-orc.

Therefore unless your medium creature is a lot taller than usual then there shouldn't be a problem.

• Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat. – mxyzplk - SE stop being evil May 22 '18 at 12:25
• Huh, just realized that there's nothing in the rules preventing opportunity attacks against creatures that are above you. – Pink Sweetener Nov 1 '18 at 4:35
• @PinkSweetener yea they're still within 5 ft if they're above you – rpgstar Nov 1 '18 at 5:21

# Yes, when looking creature size; but not the space a creature controls

## High Jumping

Performing a running high jump (like in the olympics...but maybe without the fosbury flop) would let you attempt to do this and that lets you (PHB, 182):

When you make a high jump, you leap into the air a number of feet equal to 3 + your Strength modifier if you move at least 10 feet on foot immediately before the jump. When you make a standing high jump, you can jump only half that distance. Either way, each foot you clear on the jump costs a foot of movement. In som e circumstances, your DM might allow you to make a Strength (Athletics) check to jump higher than you normally can.

## Creature height

As long as the creature is 8' or less, you can jump over them. But you may risk an Opportunity Attack.

## Controlled Space

With a strength modifier of 5, you can high jump 8'. In order to clear the controlled space of a Medium creature (5'), you need to be 10' away. Unless your DM allows you to make a strength check, you may be out of luck. The DC would likely be set keeping in mind the actual height of the creature.

### If you CAN jump 10'

In order to 'clear' a medium creature that commands a 5' space, you need to:

• Run 10' to let you add your strength modifier
• Begin your Jump 5' before the target and land 5' after. Total of 10' of movement.
• Jump 10' above the target.

This sums to 30' of movement. Most creatures have this as their Movement.

*Dwarfs who have magic items like the Boots of Speed can do this

• You're forgetting the target himself takes up 5' so : Run 10' Jump 15' long (5' before, 5' over, and 5' after). Jump 10' high. You would need at least 35' of movement to avoid an attack of opportunity from the target. – Voromir Kadien Nov 29 '17 at 4:34
• This is a pretty comprehensive answer; the Fighter Champion, who at level 7 gets 'remarkable athlete' might have more success due to the bonuses to jumping that feature provides. Consider adding that point, perhaps .... when you make a running long jump, the distance you can cover increases by a number of feet equal to your Strength modifier – KorvinStarmast May 22 '18 at 12:22
• @KorvinStarmast That's for a running long jump, we're talking about high jumps here :) – NautArch May 22 '18 at 12:47
• I was under the impression that the two could be combined (in terms of the movement budget in re a dwarf?) Maybe not. – KorvinStarmast May 22 '18 at 12:48
• @NautArch the question did not specify that you had to stay out of their attack range so you only have to avoid their 5' of controlled space not their 15' attack range for most melee attacks. – rpgstar Sep 13 '18 at 1:43

In order to jump over a medium-sized creature without it getting an opportunity attack, you will have to be able to high jump about 12' for a medium opponent with a normal weapon (more for a bugbear, or if it has a reach weapon). With a 10' running start, you can high jump 3'+your Str bonus, so that would still require a Strength bonus of +9, meaning a strength of 28. Long jump limit, again with a 10' run up, would have to be a bit more than 15', which is relatively easy with a decent strength, since the long jump distance is the same as your Str score. So height is the limiting factor, and to simply jump over (with a 10' run up) would basically require Storm Giant Strength. Maybe a bit less if the opponent is on the short side, but still, for a normal character with a max strength of 20, the high jump limit is 8', which most medium opponents could reach and thus make an opportunity attack as you went over/past. A small opponent you could probably clear with a 20 strength.

With a Jump spell, it is easy -- you'd need to jump up 4', tripled by the spell, which would require only a Str bonus of +1, or a 12 strength. In this case, the long jump is g0ing to be limited by your movement rather than your strength. With a 10' run up and a normal 30' movement, you will be able to jump 20' long (as long as you have at least a 7 strength), which is enough. If you Dash as your action, that presents more options.

High Jump

Not without a house rule. High Jump mechanics only allow a character to move along the vertical axis. There are no rules providing for combining two jumps in a single movement or "walking" in a horizontal direction while high-jumping (depending on how you want to characterize it).

Long Jump (expanded answer)

@V2Blast reproduced the text of the long jump below. I suppose it could be construed as enabling a jump over an enemy--so long as a long jump's distance is at least four times the enemy's height. Given that a bipedal creature in the medium size category normally stands somewhere between 4-8 feet, a long jump covering 16-32 feet would be necessary to clear the head of such an enemy. That does seem possible, but perhaps not without significant magical assistance or some otherwise extraordinary character feature (Monk's Step of the Wind?). You'd also probably need a luxuriously spacious tactical map to allow for that much unimpeded horizontal movement in one direction.

Finally, the above may have the absurd side effect of being able to jump higher with a long jump than with a high jump.

• There is a mention of jump height in the rules for a long jump, but that's it: "This rule assumes that the height of your jump doesn't matter, such as a jump across a stream or chasm. At your GM's option, you must succeed on a DC 10 Strength (Athletics) check to clear a low obstacle (no taller than a quarter of the jump's distance), such as a hedge or low wall. Otherwise, you hit it. " – V2Blast Mar 23 '18 at 5:25

Yes.. but I would give them an attack of opportunity on you while you were doing so... unless you had some kind of shield skill + athletics to know how to position your shield between you and them in acrobatic fashion.

Just a brute-strength jump can get you over an enemy, but you may be flying through the air with your mid-section and vitals exposed. Enemy just pokes their sword / spear upwards and guts you.

Now, the bigger issue I see going on is that you're micro-managing combat too much. The whole point of role-playing is to abstract combat to make it flow, and then just story-tell / RP the end result of a couple of dice rolls... not micro-manage every move and then dream up all the extra rules that need to go with it to make it work. That just creates arguments and rules-lawyering.

Because if you have enough strength to jump over an enemy, why not just argue for bashing them aside to get behind them, or argue that a thief has enough dexterity to slide between their legs to get behind them.

The to-hit and damage rolls are supposed to abstract and handle all of this minutiae, that way players won't dream up crazy stuff then argue with the GM over the rules for it.

EG (good): roll to-hit.. you hit.. roll damage.. massive damage... story-tell how it happened... "you somersault over the orc, landing behind him and stabbing your sword behind you with one graceful blow... felling the opponent."

EG (bad):

(player) I want to jump over the enemy to try to get an attack of opportunity on him (gm) Um.. ok.. I guess that would require you to roll a ... (player) My strength has a +5 modifer (gm) I was thinking more of a dex feat (player) But I want to use strength, because it requires strength to jump (gm) But it requires dexterity to somersault and land without twisting your ankle

(arguement continues, because you're trying to shoe-horn rules to fit an action, instead of dreaming up action that fits the post-rolled dice rolls that already account for both rules and abstraction of complex combat possibilities).