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So I had this idea about a rogue illithid, fighting against his own race. He will be chaotic evil or chaotic neutral, I have not decided yet. But while he does this it is simply too dangerous, or too tedious, to hunt for brains.

What happens to an illithid if he nolonger eats brains?

You can use any lore available. I ask only about lore, since we use a completely different RPG system and we play in a custom setting and I haven't introduced mind flayers yet, this one will be the first one my players ever met. And the first one I have ever used.

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At least as of DnD5e, your Illithid will starve to death.

From the Monster Manual:

Illithids subsist on the brains of humanoids. The brains provide enzymes, hormones, and psychic energy necessary for their survival. An illithid healthy from a brain-rich diet secretes a thin glaze of mucus that coats its mauve skin

So brains aren't just for horror purposes, but rather basic sustenance. An Illithid who doesn't eat brains doesn't eat, and will starve like any other creature.

Obviously if you are using a custom setting you can modify that however you want, but standard lore makes out the Illithid as strict cerebrovores.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ This should really include a treatment of other editions' material, or at least a justification as to why it's only considering 5e material. \$\endgroup\$ – the dark wanderer Dec 7 '17 at 22:13
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Various things, particularly the history of the illithid race, has changed throughout the various versions of D&D. Which of these are to be considered canon seems difficult to decide as there are many retcons as well.

On the other hand, amongst these conflicting sources, there is one which distinguishes itself in terms of its completeness. The Illithiad is an AD&D 2e sourcebook that specifically focuses on illithids. And in this sourcebook a detailed description is given according to which an adult illithid can only survive up to 4 months without consuming a sentient brain:

Biochemicals and hormones found only in brain tissue are essential nutrients for adult illithids. However, illithids eat brains more for the psychic quotient contained in sentient gray matter than the physical nutrients. ... Illithids use this liberated psychic essence to reenergize their metabolism so effectively that the consumption of only one brain a month constitutes a healthy illithid diet.

lllithids do occasionally snack on the brain tissue of animals that they consider culinary delights - such as ustilagors, the immature forms of intellect devourers. However, illithids become malnourished and weak in the absence of the minimum essential sentient brain per month. For every month an illithid goes "hungry," it loses 1/4 of its original hit points and Psionic Power Points, until it finally starves to death following the fourth month of privation.

It is also worth noting that rogue illithids will encounter other problems beyond nourishment. They will feel uncomfortable having lost contact with the elder brain. They are also likely to be hunted, as "traitors are executed immediately" by the community.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ I think the losing contact with the Elder Brain is probably significant. Not Illithid specific but usually losing touch with what is close to a hive mind causes madness in most settings. \$\endgroup\$ – SeriousBri Dec 8 '17 at 7:55
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    \$\begingroup\$ Of course, if the requirement is no longer a humanoid, but only sentient brains, the rogue illithid could survive on the brains of the ones he fight against. \$\endgroup\$ – eirikdaude Dec 8 '17 at 9:44

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