# Spell-casting: somatic component (shield+arcane focus; dual class)

My Druid (who uses shield+staff) and has the staff as a focus, just took a level in Wizard. DM said that since RAW says Druidic and arcane focus can both be staff it’s fine. (The Druid wields staff as one-handed in combat with Shillelagh anyway, which RAW says wields one-handed under that config).

Question is, since my character has shield proficiency AND the staff is both focuses, does my character need War Caster? (Meaning, aside from Concentration checks during combat, which is useful but not necessary, does rules (from a mechanics point of view) still require War Caster to avoid putting down shield for casting purposes (for purposes of SOMATIC components of spells that have them)? And the shield is magic anyway; the DM would likely let me swap it as the focus.

I’m in a game where the DM is new and we just ran Lost Mine as the starter. In that, Glass-staff used a Staff of Defense in one hand and a Wand of Magic Missile in the other (at one point).

So it would seem that in my case, it’s not necessary to have War Caster?

You may use your non Quarterstaff Spellcasting Focus for spells that have BOTH Material and Somatic components, but not if it only has Somatic components.

You'll have to forgive me while I rain on a few parades of common misunderstandings.

First, to help explain the rules of the above answer, this is taken from Jeremy Crawfords Compendium of Rules Answers concerning D&D 5th Edition

((Anyway to Spoiler this long part on Material and Somatic casting?))

"...If a spell has a material component, you need to handle that component when you cast the spell (PH, 203). The same rule applies if you’re using a spellcasting focus as the material component. If a spell has a somatic component, you can use the hand that performs the somatic component to also handle the material component. For example, a wizard who uses an orb as a spellcasting focus could hold a quarterstaff in one hand and the orb in the other, and he could cast lightning bolt by using the orb as the spell’s material component and the orb hand to perform the spell’s somatic component. Another example: a cleric’s holy symbol is emblazoned on her shield. She likes to wade into melee combat with a mace in one hand and a shield in the other. She uses the holy symbol as her spellcasting focus, so she needs to have the shield in hand when she casts a cleric spell that has a material component. If the spell, such as aid, also has a somatic component, she can perform that component with the shield hand and keep holding the mace in the other. If the same cleric casts cure wounds, she needs to put the mace or the shield away, because that spell doesn’t have a material component but does have a somatic component. She’s going to need a free hand to make the spell’s gestures. If she had the War Caster feat, she could ignore this restriction..."

Next, on what is and is NOT a proper RAW Spellcasting focus.

You can use a druidic focus as a spellcasting focus for your druid Spells.

A Druidic focus might be a Sprig of mistletoe or holly, a wand or scepter made of yew or another Special wood, a staff drawn whole out of a living tree, or a totem object incorporating feathers, fur, bones, and teeth from sacred animals. A druid can use such an object as a spellcasting focus.

You can use an arcane focus as a spellcasting focus for your wizard Spells.

An arcane focus is a Special item— an orb, a Crystal, a rod, a specially constructed staff, a wand-like length of wood, or some similar item— designed to channel the power of arcane Spells.

An Arcane Focus Staff appears on the Adventuring Gear table and costs 5gp and weighs 4lbs. A Druidic Focus Wooden Staff also appears on the Adventuring Gear table and costs 5gp and weighs 4lbs. A Quarterstaff appears on the Weapons table under the Simple Melee Weapons section, costs 2 whole sp (Silver Pieces, much cheaper than gold pieces), weighs 4lbs, and counts as neither an Arcane Focus, or a Druidic Focus, since it is a weapon and only ever a weapon and not a 'Staff' especially made for the purposes of Arcane or Druid magic.

Though a few items break this rule, they are specifically called out in their descriptions, lending even more context and solidifying that the above is accurate.

Anytime a player finds a Staff magical item, such as the Staff of Fire , those staffs are considered the Arcane or Druidic versions of the spellcasting focus counterparts, not a quarterstaff, which we've concluded are two very different items.

Sometimes, a magical staff such as the Staff of Power , comes with a line in its description that says "...This staff can be wielded as a magical Quarterstaff..." and goes on to explain what benefits you gain for doing so on top of using it as a Focus for any class capable of attuning to it.

In closing: Since most magical staffs that you find can be used interchangeably by Wizards and Druids alike (they do not differentiate between a wooden druid staff and an especially made Arcane staff) , I think it is safe to assume you can use one 'staff' focus for casting both types of spells following the above rules on Material and Somatic components. Your Quarterstaff just can not double as your focus under any circumstances except when your magical staff says it can.

• You can spoiler the block-quite by prefacing it by >! rather than the > that signals a block-quote. However, that won't collapse the block, which I suspect you might want--it just creates a block-quote the same size as the current one with invisible (until moused-over) text. – nitsua60 Dec 24 '17 at 4:20
• Darn... yea I was hoping like other BBC coded forums, it would collapse the relevant text. By way of condensing walls of text :/ . Thanks for the heads up. – Airatome Dec 24 '17 at 4:26
• @Andras , this outdated information is clearly wrong. Magic wands, indeed ARE applicable foci for spellcasting. Observe: mobile.twitter.com/JeremyECrawford/status/… . So if you'd like to change your vote, that'd be great. :) – Airatome Dec 24 '17 at 15:37
• @Andras my apologies if that sounded more dry than intended. I just meant if that seemed enough information to sway whatever your choice was or wasnt, feel free. Happy holiday btw! – Airatome Dec 24 '17 at 15:56