Disclaimer up front: I am going to recommend psionics in Pathfinder, which is something of a conflict of interest for me because Pathfinder psionics material is produced by Dreamscarred Press, and I have worked for them freelance on psionic material. I am not specifically recommending my own work,1 but it should still be mentioned.
Psionics is your best answer here
Psionics is different from magic, has different strengths and weaknesses, different flavor, but fills a similar niche.
Psionics uses power points rather than daily slots.
Psionics was designed from the ground up to use points, instead of being a separate idea tacked onto a system that was really designed for daily slots.
Psionics can easily be reflavored to match a more “magical” frame of reference than its default sort of new-agey, pseudo-science-y, crystals-and-ectoplasm flavor.
Psionics has already been ported to Pathfinder, unlike 5e’s spell points (or 3.5e’s Unearthed Arcana variant spell points).
Psionics was used extensively in the Dark Sun setting for D&D, which has some significant similarities to Kelewan.
In D&D 3.5e, most of psionics—the parts from Expanded Psionics Handbook—were open game content, licensed under the OGL and part of the 3.5e SRD. However, Paizo for whatever reason really dislike “point” systems, and refused to include it in Pathfinder (saying that they weren’t going to do psionics, and if they ever did,2 they would still use spell slots).
That means that the psionics for Pathfinder is a third-party port, by Dreamscarred Press. DSP’s work is pretty much entirely licensed under the OGL, and much of it is found on d20PFSRD.com. However, d20PFSRD.com is largely updated by unpaid volunteers, and Paizo’s material gets highest priority, which means several later works (Seventh Path, some entries in the Psionics Augmented line) are not on the SRD yet. There is more than enough to use, however, including the entirety of Ultimate Psionics which includes all of the open game content for psionics from D&D 3.5e as well as DSP’s 3.5e psionics work.
However, if the flavor of psionics doesn’t work for you, and you don’t want to have to reflavor it yourself, there are even more resources out there for you to use. Ernir’s Translation of Vancian Spellcasting to Psionic Mechanics is exactly that, a translation of more “magic”-y flavor to the psionics mechanics. This is not the same as a spell points variant just tacked on top of existing spellcasters. Ernir rewrote every spell and class from the ground up with spell points in mind. It’s a phenomenal project, and well worth considering. However, it is written for D&D 3.5e—translation from that to Pathfinder is simple enough (for the most part all you have to do is fiddle with the classes’ HD and skill lists, and feats’ and prestige classes’ requirements—see our Q&A on that for more details), but you would have to do the translating. So between the two, it comes down to which you find easier: translating DSP’s Pathfinder psionics to the flavor you want, or translating Ernir’s classes and spells to Pathfinder.
For more ideas on working in Kelewan, consider Dark Sun
Dark Sun is a D&D setting that is an almost-dead world, Athas, orbiting a dying, hence “dark,” sun. Athas is covered in desert wasteland and almost entirely devoid of water. Civilization is limited to a few tiny city-states, and even there the definition of “civilized” is stretched to its limits. And Athas got this way because of the abuse of arcane magic and the cutting off of the divine realms, leading to a situation where magic in general is rare and distrusted. Instead, psionics has flourished there.
And I bring Dark Sun up because, like Kelewan, it is also heavily lacking in metals. That means that Dark Sun requires special rules for handling gear made of other materials, and those could certainly be useful for you.
Less usefully, Wizards of the Coast never made any Dark Sun material for D&D 3.5e. They did for 4e (though much of it was really bad, clearly material intended for another setting that just had the Dark Sun logo slapped on top), and of course Dark Sun had a lot of material from TSR back in the 2e days, but those systems are quite different from Pathfinder. Unlike 3.5e, which is easily translated into Pathfinder, those are largely not (you might as well just base your work off of Feist’s novels directly; they’ll be more helpful than 2e or 4e material).
However, weirdly enough, Wizards of the Coast gave Athas.org a license to produce Dark Sun content for 3.5e. And they did, quite a lot of it. I’m not wild about a lot of their work, but Athas Campaign Setting itself isn’t so bad. And some of its ideas about equipment may be useful to you in developing Kelewan and its distinctive equipment.
I specifically worked on the Psionics Augmented: Occult line, most notably the empath medium archetype. This material is not yet available on d20PFSRD.com.
Paizo did sort of do their spell-slot-based psionics with occult “psychic” magic. However, despite the name and the use of several psionic power names for occult spells, the two are really very different.