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I plan on taking magic initiate with a paladin, giving him light, fire bolt, and shield from the sorcerer list. For light and fire bolt I can sheathe my sword as a free action, then cast with my free hand, redraw sword on my next turn to continue stabbing baddies, as with all my other somatic spells. But since shield is a reaction, I assume that means I won't have time to sheathe my sword and do the somatic aspect of the spell in time?

Technically could I get around it by always sheathing my sword every round that I'm expecting to take a big hit? I want to RP that these are additional spells I've been gifted by Bahamut or a powerful dragon (I'm dragonborn) since they all make sense as holy abilities. Probably best to talk to my DM and see if they'll just let me use it without having to say "I sheathe my sword" "I draw my sword" 100 times? Plus it is only once a day, so not crazy OP.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Hey Welcome to the site :) \$\endgroup\$ – Voromir Kadien Feb 24 '18 at 5:46
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    \$\begingroup\$ Thanks, new to dnd so will probably be popping in every so often to figure out what I'm doing. Everything seems to be easy enough to understand but I know as I level things might get messy. \$\endgroup\$ – Bobbito Feb 24 '18 at 7:19
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It's Possible, But Tricky

You've correctly identified the difficulty of "sword and board" characters casting Shield. Shield is a great example of a spell that justifies the distinction between somatic and material components: it's a spell that is easy for non-shield wielding squishy spellcasters to cast, but difficult for the heavily armored heavy hitters.

You could try dropping your sword at the end of every turn (this wouldn't cost any kind of action, as JC has clarified in tweets) and then be able to cast Shield as a reaction, and pick up your sword at the start of your turn. But this risks the possibility that an enemy could pick up your sword during their turn (either attacking you with it, or running away with it, or throwing it off a cliff etc.). That'd also stop you from making Opportunity Attacks with your sword (which also take your Reaction, but might come up on different turns than the need to use Shield).

The safest option is to get the Warcaster Feat, which would also give you advantage on Concentration Saving Throws.

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    \$\begingroup\$ Looked up warcaster and that definitely makes sense as a followup feat to take, especially for making sure I don't lose concentration on longer spells like shield of faith (which I like because who doesn't dream of 21 AC on a level 3?). \$\endgroup\$ – Bobbito Feb 24 '18 at 6:29
  • \$\begingroup\$ with plate armor, a shield and the defense fighting style you can get 21 AC without spells (although plate armor is probably too expensive at level 3) \$\endgroup\$ – PixelMaster Feb 24 '18 at 12:05
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By the published rules you need your hand free to cast shield as it has somatic components and no material components. From the PHB pg 203

If the spell requires a somatic component, the caster must have free use of at least one hand to perform these gestures.

If the weapon or shield was your arcane focus then you could cast a spell with both somatic and material components but not one with just somatic. The details of the reasoning was covered in this question. Though in the scenario given you could not use a arcane focus as that is a feature of the sorcerer class, and as a initiate you would have to use spell components not a focus.

What's the mechanical difference (as related to somatic components) between a holy symbol on a donned shield and a focus held in the hand?

Technically you could store and draw your sword every other turn but it does seem lame from a RP standpoint. I would think most DMs would be fine with it for a once a day ability. As Gandalfmeansme pointed out in his answer you could drop your sword every turn and pick it up as your free action but also seems silly from a RP standpoint and anyone else could also pick it up.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Since firebolt and shield have no material component I would only need a focus or I think moss to cast light, right? Sorry, very new to dnd. \$\endgroup\$ – Bobbito Feb 24 '18 at 6:36
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    \$\begingroup\$ @Bobbito, correct, you don't need material components for firebolt or shield. Bringing up material components may confuse your original question but it is a common question raised about material and somatic components both need a free hand but it can be the same free hand for both. However a spell like firebolt or shield with no components the hand must be completely free to do the gesture. I would talk to your DM, many don't worry about spell casting components. \$\endgroup\$ – Steve Bauer Feb 24 '18 at 7:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ @SteveBauer I don't have my handbook with me but I seem to remember that material components only need to be on your person, not in your hand, for spellcasting. \$\endgroup\$ – Asher Feb 26 '18 at 14:24
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    \$\begingroup\$ @SteveBauer never mind, materials (alternatively, a focus) must be handled for spellcasting at least according to Crawford dnd.wizards.com/articles/sage-advice/rules-spellcasting \$\endgroup\$ – Asher Feb 26 '18 at 14:32

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