Can a PC with Freedom of Movement escape from being swallowed?
For example, a Kraken swallows a PC who has freedom of movement. Would that PC be able to leave or not?
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The relevant parts of the Freedom of Movement spell are quoted below (PHB pg 244):
... spells and other magical effects can neither reduce the targets speed nor cause the target to be paralyzed or restrained.
Being swallowed is neither a spell nor magical effect so this paragraph doesn't help us.
The target can also spend 5 feet of Movement to automatically escape from nonmagical restraints, such as Manacles or a creature that has it Grappled.
Grappled is not Restrained, so this would not get the PC out of being swallowed. If your DM took a more generous reading of that line quoted above, then they could interpret "nonmagical restraints" to include anything that gives you the Restrained condition, but that's not how I read it.
Assuming you had the spell cast on you before you were swallowed, you could get out of the initial grapple that allowed the Kraken to swallow you, since it can only swallow a creature that it has previously grappled. From MM pg 197:
If the target is a Large or smaller creature grappled by the kraken, that creature is swallowed...
1st scenario: PC has already freedom of movement.
For swallowing, the creature first has to grapple, and from the spell description: "The target can also spend 5 feet of Movement to automatically escape from nonmagical restraints, such as Manacles or a creature that has it Grappled" (FoM link). In this case the PC will not even be swallowed.
2nd scenario: PC obtain freedom of movement after he is swallowed.
The main effects of being swallowed are the Blindness and Restrained conditions (check the description of "Bite" for the Kraken). While Freedom of Movement cannot counteract the blindness, it will make you free from restraint. From spell description: "For the Duration, the target's Movement is unaffected by difficult terrain, and Spells and other magical effects can neither reduce the target's speed nor cause the target to be Paralyzed or Restrained." If being eaten doesn't fall into "spell or magical effect", it's still considered as a "restrain", so "the target can also spend 5 feet of Movement to automatically escape from nonmagical restraints".
So yes, you can do something, you just need some light... and to escape the body of the swallower.
While is quite intuitive how to escape from a Giant Toad, a Kraken is much larger and it will take quite some time to actually find the way out. But yes, you can escape from the creature.