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The D&D 5th Edition Player's Handbook lists some languages on page 123, giving players with characters who can choose a language a number of choices.

There are other sources of player-choosable languages across a variety of published materials.

What are the official WotC-published languages available to players and which resources are they published in?

Related questions:

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Sources where they first became available to players:
PHB = Player's Handbook
MM = Monsters Manual
MToF = Mordenkainen's Tome of Foes
SCAG = Swords Coast Adventurer's Guide
VGtM = Volo's Guide to Monsters
GGtR = Guildmasters' Guide to Ravnica
WGtE = Wayfinder's Guide to Eberron
DMG = Dungeon Master's Guide

Standard Languages:

  • Common (PHB)
  • Dwarvish (PHB)
  • Elvish (PHB)
  • Giant (PHB)
  • Gnomish (PHB)
  • Goblin (PHB)
  • Halfling (PHB)
  • Orc (PHB)

Standard Languages (Ravnica):

  • Abyssal (PHB)
  • Celestial (PHB)
  • Common (PHB)
  • Draconic (PHB)
  • Elvish (PHB)
  • Giant (PHB)
  • Goblin (VGtM)
  • Kraul (GGtR)
  • Loxodon (GGtR)
  • Merfolk (GGtR)
  • Minotaur (GGtR)
  • Sphinx (MM)
  • Sylvan (PHB)
  • Vedalken (GGtR)

Exotic Languages:

  • Abyssal (PHB)
  • Celestial (PHB)
  • Draconic (PHB)
  • Deep Speech (PHB)
  • Infernal (PHB)
  • Primodial (PHB)
    • Aquan
    • Auran
    • Ignan
    • Terran
  • Sylvan (PHB)
  • Undercommon (PHB)

Race/Class-Specific Languages:

  • Aarakocra (VGtM)
  • Druidic (PHB)
  • Gith (MToF)
  • Thieves' Cant (PHB)

Forgotten Realms Human Languages (requires GM permission):

(All in SCAG)

  • Dambrathan
  • Bedine
  • Alzhedo
  • Chondathan
  • Damaran
  • Waelan
  • Guran
  • Halruaan
  • Illuskan
  • Roushoum
  • Chessentan
  • Mulhorandi
  • Untheric
  • Thayan
  • Rashemi
  • Shaaran
  • Shou
  • Tuigan
  • Turmic
  • Uluik

Eberron's Common Languages

  • Common (PHB)
  • Dwarvish (PHB)
  • Elvish (PHB)
  • Giant (PHB)
  • Goblin (VGtM)
  • Orc (dead language, VGTM)
  • Infernal (PHB)
  • Riedran (WGtE)
  • Quori (WGtE)

Monstrous Languages (available via Favored Enemy or Training):

  • Blink Dog (MM)
  • Bullywug (MM)
  • Giant Eagle (MM)
  • Giant Elk (MM)
  • Giant Owl (MM)
  • Gnoll (MM)
  • Grell (MM)
  • Grung (VGtM)
  • Hook Horror (MM)
  • Kruthik (MToF)
  • Modron (MM)
  • Otyugh (MM)
  • Sahuagin (MM)
  • Slaad (MM)
  • Sphinx (MM)
  • Thri-kreen (MM)
  • Tlincalli (VGtM)
  • Troglodyte (MM)
  • Umber Hulk (MM)
  • Vegepygmy (VGtM)
  • Winter Wolf (MM)
  • Worg (MM)
  • Yeti (MM)

Book of Vile Darkness

  • Dark Speech (DMG)
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  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @V2Blast I've been listing the sources as the first location they are found in by release date. \$\endgroup\$ – David Coffron Feb 28 at 3:40
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    \$\begingroup\$ Ah, interesting... Any particular reason for that? \$\endgroup\$ – V2Blast Feb 28 at 3:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ Why do you limit Monstrous Languages to Favored Enemy or Training? The "backgrounds" in the PHB that allow for learning an additional language say only "Languages: Two of your choice" etc. Where is the limitation on what types of languages a character can start out knowing? \$\endgroup\$ – Pink Sweetener Mar 26 at 20:34
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    \$\begingroup\$ @PinkSweetener in the basic rules: the beginning of the backgrounds section under the Additional Languages section references the Languages portion of Chapter 4 which is limited to standard and exotic languages (unless a different language is "common in your campaign" which I doubt the monstrous languages are) \$\endgroup\$ – David Coffron Mar 26 at 20:55
  • \$\begingroup\$ Eberron: Rising from the Last War has a new/updated pair of language tables. The common languages are Common, Dwarvish, Elvish, Giant, Gnomish, Goblin, Halfling, and Riedran (Gnomish and Halfling are missing from your list of "common Eberron languages"). The exotic languages are Celestial, Daelkyr, Draconic, Infernal, Orc, Primordial, Quori, and Sylvan (you have Orc, Infernal, and Quori included in your list of "common Eberron languages", and haven't listed the other exotic ones at all). \$\endgroup\$ – V2Blast Nov 22 at 23:16

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