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The hand crossbow has to properties, ammo, and light, but you need a free hand to load the crossbow so how is it light if you need both hands.


marked as duplicate by Miniman dnd-5e Sep 20 '18 at 1:25

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Loading ≠ making a ranged attack.

The Player's Handbook description of the light weapon property begins

A light weapon is small and easy to handle, making it ideal for use when fighting with two weapons.

A loaded hand crossbow does not need two hands to fire. For example, see the text of the crossbow expert feat in the Player's Handbook :

When you use the Attack action and attack with a one-handed weapon, you can use a bonus action to attack with a loaded [since revised] hand crossbow you are holding.

Because the description does not say "you may drop or sheath your one-handed weapon, you can use a bonus action to attack with a loaded hand crossbow you are holding," and because it says "holding", the necessary implication is that you are making the crossbow attack with a single hand.

Sage Advice makes this distinction between firing and the loading aspect of the attack action explicit:

A hand crossbow is a one-handed weapon, so it can, indeed, be used for both attacks, assuming you have a hand free to load the hand crossbow between the two attacks.


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