In the D&D 5th Edition Player's Handbook on page 195 under Shoving a Creature:
Instead of making an attack roll, you make a Strength (Athletics) check contested by the target's Strength (Athletics) or [sic] check (the target chooses the ability to use). If you win the contest...
It looks like something has been omitted at the point where I wrote "[sic]" in the quote above. At that point in the text you turn the page from 195 to 196.
My guess is that it was supposed to say:
...contested by the target's Strength (Athletics) or [Dexterity (Acrobatics)] check (the target chooses the ability to use). ...
That way the rule would be pretty much identical to the way that Grappling works. Grappling is the previous topic on page 195, so it would make sense to see some close similarities.
I'm having trouble tracking down any corrections made on this particular typo, so I decided to defer to the experts. I'm looking for something official, not "it's a DM judgement call" or your own opinion. Crawford tweets are acceptable, of course.
It appears my copy is the third printing, based on the number string (9 8 7 6 5 4 3) on the first page, according to this answer. It appears this has been corrected in later printings; see answers below.