I can't imagine that it's addressed explicitly, but I wonder:

Is there anything in either Pathfinder rules or Golarion lore to suggest what happens when someone who's polymorphed into another species conceives a child? e.g. if a male human Alter Selfs into an elf and then conceives a child with a female elf, does the elf mother give birth to an elf or half-elf?

  • \$\begingroup\$ Please don’t guess as answers. Look for examples in lore or whatnot, lacking rules support. \$\endgroup\$ – mxyzplk Nov 30 '18 at 12:15

This kind of situation is up to the GM.

Pathfinder isn't designed to handle these sort of situations. The bulk of Pathfinder game mechanics are about combat and adventuring, not genetics. And no, reproduction does not fall under the crafting rules. The system simply doesn't have the rules to address it.

That said, some sections of the RAW for polymorph magic could be relevant here. According to the polymorph rules, a polymorphed creature does not actually change type.

Polymorph: a polymorph spell transforms your physical body to take on the shape of another creature. While these spells make you appear to be the creature, granting you a +10 bonus on Disguise skill checks, they do not grant you all of the abilities and powers of the creature.

For example, if a male human uses Alter Self to assume the form of an elf, his creature type is still "humanoid (human)" and not "humanoid (elf)". This might imply that the father still counts as "humanoid (human)" for the purposes of genetics. On the other hand, maybe as part of assuming the form of another creature, he also assumes their DNA and reproductive cells.

On the other other hand, polymorphing is magic, and magic often ignores conventional science and physics and biology and biochemistry. The polymorph rules don't specify all the consequences of taking the form of another humanoid race, but the RAW has a clause saying that these ambiguous questions are the GM's call.

While most of these should be obvious, the GM is the final arbiter of what abilities depend on form and are lost when a new form is assumed.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ I recall something about halfdragons being made that way. Maybe I'm mistaken because I can't find sources now :( \$\endgroup\$ – Mołot Nov 30 '18 at 10:06
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Mołot There are over 360+ official Pathfinder publications between the core, bestiaries, adventure paths, modules, campaign settings, and player companions. The Pathfinder society and third party publications add a few hundred more. I'm sure that somewhere in those books has an example like this. But I have access to very few of those books, so a RAW-based answer is the best I can provide. \$\endgroup\$ – MikeQ Nov 30 '18 at 14:07

You make a baby of that form, congratulations!

From a quick search, (unsurprisingly) I was unable to find any precedent set about conceiving a child while in a changed form. (In Pathfinder books at least, Greek Mythology is full of this kind of content)

For an answer with logical reasoning, a biological perspective would suggest that if you assume the form of another creature, that form would also include the complete biology of that creature, including reproductive organs. If the baby-making organs are of creature type B, it doesn't matter if the creature's true form is type A, they're going to be able to make offspring of type B.

Magic can be weird, and if you didn't want this kind of stuff happening in a game as a GM, you could rule that magic that changes your form doesn't afford you the full "package", but I've yet to find any clauses or exception in polymorph-like spells that would suggest this is the case RAW.

(And please do not ask what happens if you revert form while pregnant, I'd rather not discuss that)


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