The DM in my group is getting tired of DMing. Unfortunately, no one wants to take over. Can we play without a DM?

  • \$\begingroup\$ @ZeissIkon See this FAQ for why your comment was removed. Thanks! \$\endgroup\$ Commented Feb 22, 2019 at 20:35
  • \$\begingroup\$ What rules have you read? \$\endgroup\$ Commented Feb 23, 2019 at 6:00
  • \$\begingroup\$ There are some D&D-like games that relied on a VHS/Interactive-DVD 'Games Master'; completeset.com/the-forgotten-world-of-vcr-board-games \$\endgroup\$
    – Valorum
    Commented Feb 23, 2019 at 21:01
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    \$\begingroup\$ Watch Matt Colville's Running the Game series. If this successfully instills in you a desire to try your hand at DMing, your group's problem will be solved. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Feb 23, 2019 at 21:12

5 Answers 5


No. D&D has the Dungeon Master baked in.

The solution to this problem is likely to find and try different game systems for a while. Maybe come back to D&D when someone has the motivation to DM some sessions.

The rules explicitly require a dungeon master role

Basic rules of how to play introduction states the loop of:

  1. The DM describes the environment.

  2. The players describe what they want to do.

  3. The DM narrates the results of the adventurers’ actions.

The DM is required for setting up player agency. Describing an environment in which the players have choices, and then describing how those choices affect the environment.

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    \$\begingroup\$ It's worth noting that there are solo adventures out there - or at least one, The Executioner's Daughter - that are designed to be run by the player themselves. They generally entail you DMing for yourself as you play, following the guidelines in the adventure, so it's definitely not the same experience as a typical D&D game. \$\endgroup\$
    – V2Blast
    Commented Feb 22, 2019 at 19:19
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    \$\begingroup\$ @V2Blast That sure seems like a very useful answer :) \$\endgroup\$
    – NotArch
    Commented Feb 22, 2019 at 19:26

Maybe. Here is a site that describes playing D&D or Pathfinder using an app called Endless RPG. I have no experience with it, but having just found it I'm going to give it a try for solo gaming.

From the site:

Endless RPG was created to allow the flexibility to play without a dedicated DM by having an iPhone, iPad and Android device present a random adventure in a player-friendly manner.

Endless RPG gives you the feeling of exploring and not knowing exactly what may come next, but when it comes to rolling combat, you will have to DM yourself. After all, you are in charge of both the monsters and your character (or even a whole group of characters!).

Having played it for all of 5 minutes; the app provides scenarios, maps, random encounters, and treasure generation. You have to provide character specs, and rolls for combat. You are responsible for tracking HP (in the app) and monster specs.

There are some D&D flavored board games and online games, eg D&D online, Gloomhaven, or Massive Darkness. The game provides the DM for you.

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    \$\begingroup\$ While true, this doesn't directly answer the question. You could include this as part of an answer after first explaining that (presumably) the answer is no. \$\endgroup\$
    – V2Blast
    Commented Feb 22, 2019 at 19:27
  • \$\begingroup\$ It's an interesting contribution, I didn't even know such a thing was tried. Even if only for underlining how much a DM is needed, this answer has its value. \$\endgroup\$
    – Poutrathor
    Commented Feb 22, 2019 at 20:48
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    \$\begingroup\$ Another DM-less RPG in a box is Mice and Mystics. It's not specifically D&D, and it's mostly tactical / combat, but looks fairly fun. Wil Wheaton played it with his family in a 2-part episode of Table Top. Everyone has their own character, and the game gives you rules for how the enemies move. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Feb 22, 2019 at 22:20

Let your DM play other roles as well!

A few years ago I spent some time with my then-girlfriend. There were no more possible players (her grandma wasn't interested). We played AD&D and some local RPG as well. She was the DM, and she had an NPC/PC character (a ranger I think), and - since there are more than 1 role in an effective party, I had 3 (a pixie fighter, a dwarf fighter/cleric, and maybe a wizard). It was fun! Of course, I had to solve all the puzzles, and make all the decisions for the party, but there was no serious downside. Occasionally she took one of my characters for a dialog, so even that is possible. Just think of it like a videogame, where you control multiple characters.

My suggestion is, if you go this way, the DM should choose a Strength-based character, and not an Intelligence/Wisdom-based one. (It would be weird if the most intelligent character couldn't solve puzzles,) Also, the DM should keep balance with the rest of the party (an overpowered magic item only his (N)PC can use is not good).

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    – V2Blast
    Commented Feb 23, 2019 at 21:42

Yes. You'll need your system rules, and a solo engine. A solo engine is a set of rules/guidelines to help you decide what's going on, fulfilling the GM's role.

Solo engines include:

There are also many tools and resources you'll find useful for solo play, such as Rory's Story Cubes for inspiration, and the many generators you can find on the web. Here's a few large lists of resources. These pages should have links to everything you'll need:

If you don't find any of the engines quite to your liking, there's no one stopping you from adjusting to taste, or just making your own. Now someone may argue that this is not really playing D&D (or another system), but if all you have are the rules and yourself and you want to use them, this is what you do.


D&D 5e would be very difficult to play without a DM/GM

D&D was designed from the beginning to have a GM. I'm hesitant to say it can't be done, as I always like a good challenge, but it would definitely be a daunting task to modify D&D to play without a GM.

There are RPGs designed for this type of game play.

Rather than reinventing the wheel you could check out RPGs that were created from the ground up with this style of game play in mind. Archipelago III is one such game and is explicitly designed to play without a GM. It utilizes an alternating narrator role which allows each player to describe the adventure. The rules for the Archipelago III system are available for free on Norwegian Style.

Do note however that the creator accepts donations which are passed on to a non-profit.

The game is described in the rulebook:

Archipelago is a story/role-playing game where each player controls a major character. Players take turns directing and playing out a part of their character’s story, leading them towards their selected point of destiny, while other players interact with and influence that story.


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