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The description of the absorb elements spell says:

The spell captures some of the incoming energy, lessening its effect on you and storing it for your next melee attack. [...] Also, the first time you hit with a melee attack on your next turn, the target takes an extra 1d6 damage of the triggering type, and the spell ends.

The irst line says "next melee attack". Later, it says "next turn". Which is it?

Let's say I use my movement to jump into a bonfire, use my reaction to cast absorb elements, and use the rest of my movement to get up to the enemy and attack him, all in the same turn. Does my attack have the extra elemental damage?

Does absorb elements apply to your next attack or does it have to be on your next turn?

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It says both :(

The first sentence of Absorb Elements doesn't have a qualifier

The language in the lead for the spell simply states that the spell is

storing it for your next melee attack

This seems like it should work just fine in your scenario, but it's also in direct contradiction of the third line of the spell

But then it does...

The third line of the spell adds a qualifier that the extra damage gets triggered at the start of your next turn if you make a melee attack.

I've bolded the relevant qualifier in the quote below:

Also, the first time you hit with a melee attack on your next turn, the target takes an extra 1d6 damage of the triggering type, and the spell ends.

In this reading with your scenario, you wouldn't be able to use it in the same turn you used your reaction to cast it.

Up to the DM

My unprovable hunch is that the assumption is that you receive your damage when it's not your turn and you generally wouldn't get an attack until your turn. In your scenario, you are triggering this damage yourself by jumping into the bonfire.

Given that, I don't think it would be unreasonable of a DM to allow it's use same turn. You've chosen to expose yourself to damage and burn a resource so that you can deliver some more damage. Just be aware that if you do have a concentration spell going, you'll also have to roll a con save for the fire damage you're giving yourself.

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    \$\begingroup\$ Though I still think that the totally-not-flavor text sets up a bit of a contradiction here. It does look from that first line like it would have some effect on your next attack regardless of when it is (even though there is no effect described later to back that up). \$\endgroup\$ – Rubiksmoose Apr 25 at 19:07
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    \$\begingroup\$ I will note that there may be a mechanical reason for the "on your next turn" limitation: to prevent two castings of Absorb Elements from ever applying to the same attack, as described here: rpg.stackexchange.com/a/143366/40516 \$\endgroup\$ – Ryan Thompson Apr 26 at 5:07
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I think the answer to this question lies in the "Also" given in the description.

We know that regardless of whatever else happens, we "Also" get to apply the elemental damage to the first melee hit we get on our next turn. We know that with certainty, as it gives the necessary mechanics for how to accomplish this right after the "Also".

The spell could be describing two separate attacks, however it only provides mechanics for the attack we get on our next turn. It provides no mechanics for our "next attack."

With this understanding, we can infer that the intent of the spell is not to allow two attacks to have the extra elemental damage added to them.

Therefore, the only attack we get to use the extra elemental damage for is

the first time you hit with a melee attack on your next turn

Unfortunately, the opening sentence in the spell does make it a bit confusing.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to RPG.SE! Take the tour if you haven't already, and check out the help center for more guidance. Good first answer! \$\endgroup\$ – V2Blast Apr 26 at 4:12

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