Simple question, for pathfinder is Cartography used as a skill classified as "craft " or "profession"?
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There is no official response, but it can actually be both a Craft and a Profession according to your interpretation.
Pathfinder SRD mentions neither one. Song and Silence (a dnd-3.0 product) contains the Royal Explorer prestige class whose prerequisites also list 8 ranks in Profession (cartographer).
It could be a Craft skill. Cartographers produce tangible items (maps) upon commission and earn money in selling them. Also, a masterwork map is a sound concept.
Pathfinder also lists calligraphy among the Craft skills; and it is a good relative of cartography.
It could also be a Profession skill. Cartography could include hiring explorers, being on the move and providing services beyond the actual map making. Someone already included it among Profession skills in his own home rules.
My own feeling is biased toward Craft (cartography) or Craft (map making) rather than Profession (cartographer).
As a side note, this is an example of what the D&D Next skill system is going to seamlessly address.
Craft: Cartography, Knowledge: Geography are the ways I would split it up. Cartography implies making the maps (thus accurately transferring to a chosen medium), where a character who is aware of the landscape would therefore have a knowledge. The skills would not be mutually inclusive but the DM could approve a synergy.
EDIT: I believe this covers the criteria since it is a specialized combination of painting and calligraphy which are both craft skills.