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When using counterspell, do you add your spell attack or any other modifiers to your roll when trying to meet the DC?

Situation:

An enemy casts an 8th-level spell. You cast counterspell at base 3rd level, which means you have to roll to meet the DC (equal to 10 + the spell’s level). In this case, the DC is 10 + 8 = 18. When rolling for counterspell, you roll a 16. Can you add your spell attack modifier or any other modifier to the spellcasting ability check to pass the DC of 18?

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Add your Spellcasting Ability Modifier to your d20 roll

The description of counterspell says:

If it is casting a spell of 4th level or higher, make an ability check using your spellcasting ability. The DC equals 10 + the spell's level.

You will add your spellcasting ability modifier (i.e. Intelligence modifier for Wizards, Charisma modifier for Sorcerers and Warlocks, etc.) to your d20 roll.

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Not usually, as Kelvin points out, but other modifiers are possible:

  1. Wizards of at least 10th level and the Arcane Tradition of Abjuration get Improved Abjuration, allowing them to add their proficiency bonus to ability checks made as part of casting spells such as dispel magic and counterspell.
  2. Bards with the Jack of All Trades feature add half their proficiency bonus to any ability check that doesn’t already include it; this includes the ones for dispel magic and counterspell.
  3. Features such as the guidance spell or Bardic Inspiration can be used to add additional dice on ability checks like these. (A bard’s Cutting Words can even do the opposite!)
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