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Some items, specifically acid vials, alchemist's fire, holy water, and oil flasks, allow you to throw them at enemies for various effects. To do this, you make a ranged attack, treating the object as an improvised weapon (which normally does damage equal to 1d4 + Dexterity modifier).

However, these objects have 'on hit' effects, such as dealing 2d6 damage in the case of the acid vial. Are these effects in addition to the 'improvised weapon' damage?

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    \$\begingroup\$ As a side note, holy water is worded oddly. The other items say 'on a hit...', while holy water just says 'if the target is a fiend or undead, it takes 2d6 radiant damage', which seems to imply (from a strict RAW reading) that they take damage whether or not they are hit by the ranged attack. \$\endgroup\$ – Sirv Jul 19 at 1:51
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    \$\begingroup\$ Related (as in spawned by Sirv's comment on holy water): Does Holy Water deal damage on a failed attack roll? \$\endgroup\$ – Someone_Evil Jul 19 at 19:41
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RAW, these improvised weapons probably do not deal the normal 1d4+DEX damage.

Each of these objects specify that the user should treat them as an improvised weapon while making their special attack, which would imply 1d4+DEX damage on a hit. However, they also specify what should happen if the attack roll is a hit, such as the acid vial dealing 2d6 acid damage as you mentioned. This specific effect replaces the general effect of landing the hit.

While it would certainly make sense that being beaned by a glass bottle would deal damage, all of these hit descriptions are missing the important word extra when they are describing their on hit effects. All of the effects that I could find which have an attack deal damage on top of its usual damage, such as the Rogue's Sneak Attack feature, the 5th level enhancement of the greenflame blade cantrip, and magic weapons such as the Frost Brand list the damage as extra damage. If the vials were intended to also deal their improvised damage, they would have their effects listed as extra.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Hey there! Good answer. I just wanted to let you know that your now have enough reputation to post in our RPG general chatroom. Feel free to hop in there if you ever have a question or just want to hang out and talk about RPGs or other random topics. :) \$\endgroup\$ – Rubiksmoose Jul 19 at 19:15
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    \$\begingroup\$ "While it would certainly make sense that being beaned by a glass bottle would deal damage" - it's also worth considering that they're designed to shatter on impact, so the force of the throw itself probably wouldn't do as much damage as you might think (though the glass shards might) :P \$\endgroup\$ – V2Blast Jul 19 at 21:15

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