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I’m currently building up a Level 20 Warlock to have the absolute maximum static damage (by static, I mean damage not reliant on a roll) on a melee attack.

A level 20 Hexblade Warlock with a 20 in Charisma can have the following additions:

  • +5 from 20 Cha
  • +5: Lifedrinker (Charisma-based)
  • +6: Hexblade’s Curse (proficiency bonus)
  • +10: Great Weapon Master
  • +3: Magic Weapon

This totals +29 Damage.

Outside of using Tomes to increase my Charisma or getting the Legendary Item that increases Proficiency Bonus by 1, are there any other methods to increase flat damage that I don’t know of?

Please do not factor Dice or Dice Rolls into the modifier damage.

The answer doesn't have to be for a Hexblade Warlock; that's just the way I found to add the highest static bonus to a damage roll.

Multiclassing, RAW, RAI, Errata, and Jeremy Crawford tweets are all accepted. Please just logically explain your opinion or facts, and cite your sources!

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Should Legendary magic items be excluded from solutions? You have included a very rare in your example, but you seem keen to avoid legendary items. \$\endgroup\$ – Someone_Evil Aug 19 at 17:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ I would prefer to avoid Legendary as that’s harder to account for versus a +3 Weapon which can be moderately come by for most characters. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 17:44
  • \$\begingroup\$ I would like to have the break Down, but the total Static Damage is equally acceptable. I probably mis worded my question, my apologies. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 17:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ No worries! We just want to make sure we're undersatnding your question. You seem to be asking just for modifiers, but then later say that maximizing a damage roll would count as a modifier. I'm not sure if that's true, but if you are asking what is the max damage for a melee attack, then this is a duplicate. If you're simply asking what are the maximum modifiers for a melee attack, I think that's a new question. \$\endgroup\$ – NautArch Aug 19 at 17:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ That’s rolled Damage, not Static Damage. But I get your meaning. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 17:52
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Aasimar Zealot Barbarian(16)/Grave Cleric (2)/Hexblade Warlock(1)/Any(1): +122 on one attack, +61 on later

Our character is an (Protector or Fallen) Aasimar level 16 Zealot Barbarian, level 2 Grave Cleric, level 1 Hexblade Warlock and has 1 level in anything, with the Great Weapon Master and Charger feats armed with a +3 heavy weapon.

Protector and Fallen Aasimars (Volo's) have a transformation ability (1 minute) which includes:

During it, [...] once on each of your turns, you can deal extra [necrotic or radiant] damage to one target when you deal damage to it with an attack or a spell. The extra [necrotic or radiant] damage equals your level.

A 16th level Barbarian gets +4 to damage as part of the rage.

Path of the Zealot (Xanathar's) gets:

Divine Fury

Starting when you choose this path at 3rd level, you can channel divine fury into your weapon strikes. While you're raging, the first creature you hit on each of your turns with a weapon attack takes extra damage equal to 1d6 + half your barbarian level. The extra damage is necrotic or radiant; you choose the type of damage when you gain this feature.

We use the Grave Domain's Channel Divinity: Path to the Grave:

As an action, you choose one creature you can see within 30 feet of you, cursing it until the end of your next turn. The next time you or an ally of yours hits the cursed creature with an attack, the creature has vulnerability to all of that attack's damage, and then the curse ends.

And Hexblade's Curse:

As a bonus action, choose one creature you can see within 30 feet of you. The target is cursed for 1 minute. The curse ends early if the target dies, you die, or you are incapacitated. Until the curse ends, you gain the following benefits:

Great Weapon Master lets us take -5 penalty to the attack roll to get +10 to the damage.

The Charger feat is a bit convoluted but in short; we get +5 to damage when using Dash, running 10 feet at someone, and use our bonus action to attack the creature.

The procedure:

Because we have multiple feature which use bonus actions, some set up is required:

  • Turn 1: Rage as bonus action and use action for something (e.g. Attack)

  • Turn 2: Curse the creature and use action for something (see last turn)

  • Turn 3: Activate Aasimar transformation as BA and use action for Path to the Grave.

  • Turn 4: Take the Dash action, move 10 feet towards an enemy, use bonus action to make a melee attack (par Charger feat). Choose to use Great Weapon Master on the attack.

As Path to the Grave only lasts a for one hit, we get one like this and later turns with half.

The calculation:

  • +5 Strength
  • +3 Magic Weapon
  • +10 Great Weapon Master
  • +5 Charger
  • +20 Aasimar transformation
  • +8 Zealot's Divine Fury
  • +4 Rage
  • +6 Hexblade's Curse
  • ×2 Vulnerability from Path to the Grave

$$(5+3+10+5+20+8+4+6)\times2=61\times2=122$$


We can use a Belt of Storm Giant Strength to boost our Strength to 29 giving and additional +8 and/or a Ioun stone of Mastery for an additional +2.

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  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Just to make sure I understand exactly what you’re saying, to get to this damage it would take 3 turns and only be once a turn correct? Not criticizing, just clarifying. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 17:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ I see I see. Thank you. I appreciate it. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 17:53
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    \$\begingroup\$ This is good but is it really static damage? you can't conceivably charge each round and the Aasimar trait is only good for one combat a day. Also, the Hexblade's Curse is only useful against one creature a rest. \$\endgroup\$ – Eternallord66 Aug 19 at 19:44
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    \$\begingroup\$ @Eternallord66 Static as defined in the question means no inclusion of die based damage, it does not make a mention of reliability of said static damage. \$\endgroup\$ – Someone_Evil Aug 19 at 19:47
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Someone_Evil not sure about this, but asking: on turn 3, you use BA and Action to activate abilities ... but are either of those an attack? if not, does not the Rage drop off ? \$\endgroup\$ – Ditto Aug 19 at 19:58
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An Aasimar Hexblade Warlock (1), Wild Mage Sorcerer (1), Grave Domain Cleric (2), Anything (16) with a ninth level spell slot available can get at least +272 and at most +492 damage on a single melee spell attack

This works as follows:

As pointed out in other answers the Aasimar gets the ability to transform which states:

During it, [...] once on each of your turns, you can deal extra [necrotic or radiant] damage to one target when you deal damage to it with an attack or a spell. The extra [necrotic or radiant] damage equals your level.

Thanks to user @BenjaminHubbar for pointing out that the Wand of the War Mage does not actually add its +3 bonus to damage rolls.
I'm unsure if there is a +3 magical focus that adds that +3 to its damage rolls, but if so, we would surely want that.

The Hexblade Warlock's Hexblade's Curse feature states:

Starting at 1st level... You gain a bonus to damage rolls against the cursed target. The bonus equals your proficiency bonus.

The Grave Cleric's Channel Divinity: Path to the Grave features states:

Starting at 2nd level... As an action, you choose one creature you can see within 30 feet of you, cursing it until the end of your next turn. The next time you or an ally of yours hits the cursed creature with an attack, the creature has vulnerability to all of that attack's damage, and then the curse ends.

Because we are a 2nd level Cleric, we have one use of channel divinity, which we will use on some creature.

Using this fact we could cast the spell inflict wounds which states:

Make a melee spell attack against a creature you can reach. On a hit, the target takes 3d10 necrotic damage.
At Higher Levels. When you cast this spell using a spell slot of 2nd level or higher, the damage increases by 1d10 for each slot level above 1st.

The Wild Magic Sorcerer's Wild Magic Surge table has the following result:

33-34 Maximize the damage of the next damaging spell you cast within the next minute.

We would want to have this Wild Magic benefit available, be in our Aasimar transformation, be using a Wand of the War Mage like above, be using the Hexblade's Curse as above, be using the Grave Cleric's Path to the Grave feature as above, and then cast the inflict wounds spell at ninth level.

Thus we can calculate our new damage:
Assuming we crit we would have 22d10 of damage dice.
The Magic Surge roll would maximize the 22d10 to 220 damage.
The Hexblade's Curse feature would add on 6 damage from our proficiency bonus.
The Aasimar transformation would add 20 damage to our attack.
And then the Path to the Grave feature would double our damage at the end.
In the end we will deal (220+6+20)*2 damage, or 492 damage.

If we did not crit then we would deal (110+6+20)*2 damage, or 272 damage.

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  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ You totally did what I asked, to be honest I was completely and utterly thinking of a Melee Weapon Attack when I constructed my build on top, as I hadn’t even considered a Melee Spell Attack. But this answer is more than suitable for the question I asked. Thank you. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 12:02
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    \$\begingroup\$ I’d appreciate that if you don’t mind as that was my original intention. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 13:22
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    \$\begingroup\$ It would, see in my Warlock Build I go 14 Hexblade/6 Sorc, Concentration on Haste, GWM, Polearm Master, Warcaster, Spell Sniper, Variant Human. So I have the best reactionary reach advantages. But also so I can do 1d10+29+1d10+29+1d10+29+1d10+3d8+29, totaling 4d10+3d8+116, equally 22+13+116=151 Average Damage. My intentions for this post being maximizing that 29 to a higher number effectively. Booming Blade is included in my build of Course. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 13:28
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    \$\begingroup\$ The second build you showed cannot work. that build does not have 9th level spell slots If you used the 3 misc levels adding to evocation wizard the highest spell level is 7th. So that would be 8d8 or 16d8 on a crit. \$\endgroup\$ – Eternallord66 Aug 19 at 13:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Medix2 Yes it fixed it but it is redundant. If you omitted the second point and showed the upcasting in the first point you would have the same result. \$\endgroup\$ – Eternallord66 Aug 19 at 13:57
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This is provided as an additional answer as it only gives it one 1 turn, and is highly situational

Goblin Rogue Assassin 17/Hexblade Warlock 1/Grave Cleric 2: +196 on a single attack

We have a +3 weapon with the heavy property and the Great Weapon Master and Charger feats.

We take a setup round (which is before initiative) using our action on Grave Domain's Path of the Grave on a creature that is larger than us (Medium or larger; for goblin reasons):

As an action, you choose one creature you can see within 30 feet of you, cursing it until the end of your next turn. The next time you or an ally of yours hits the cursed creature with an attack, the creature has vulnerability to all of that attack's damage, and then the curse ends.

Then use our bonus action for the Hexblade curse on the same creature:

As a bonus action, choose one creature you can see within 30 feet of you. The target is cursed for 1 minute. The curse ends early if the target dies, you die, or you are incapacitated. Until the curse ends, you gain the following benefits:

  • You gain a bonus to damage rolls against the cursed target. The bonus equals your proficiency bonus. [...]

We now need to enter initiative with the the creature being surprised. On the turn where that creature is surprised we Dash, move 10 feet (or more) towards it, and use our bonus action from Charger to make a melee attack. We have advantage and disadvantage on this attack (but we don't care) and use Great Weapon Master for -5 on attack and +10 damage. We also use Goblin's Fury of the Small:

When you damage a creature with an attack or a spell and the creature's size is larger than yours, you can cause the attack or spell to deal extra damage to the creature. The extra damage equals your level.

When we hit, the Assassin's Death Strike triggers:

When you attack and hit a creature that is surprised, it must make a Constitution saving throw ([...]). On a failed save, double the damage of your attack against the creature.

And we assume the creature fails the saving throw.

Calculation:

  • +5 Strength
  • +3 Magic Weapon
  • +10 Great Weapon Master
  • +5 Charger
  • +20 Fury of the Small
  • +6 proficiency bonus from Hexblade curse
  • ×2 from Death Strike
  • ×2 from vulnerability

$$(5+3+10+5+20+6)\times2\times2=196$$


We can use a Belt of Storm Giant Strength to boost our Strength to 29 giving and additional +16 and/or a Ioun stone of Mastery for an additional +4.

We can also have a Aasimar (Protector or Fallen) and have the transformation active during the attack, however this requires more setup and I wanted to showcase the Goblin feature for this.

Also, yes we have 17 levels in Rogue and are not using the Sneak Attack.

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Zealot Barbarian (20) Total static damage of +34

For this build we use the true definition of static damage; every attack turn and without single target or one a day use restrictions, such as, Hexblade's Curse which is against a sole creature or the Aasimar transformation which is once a day. We use a character with the Belt of Fire Giant Strength (sets strength to 25 or a +7 modifier). This belt is the highest belt that is not legendary. They also have the Great Weapon Master feat. We also have a +3 heavy weapon.

A level 20 Barbarian gets +4 to damage due to rage. This rage can be used 6 times a day.

Path of the Zealot (Xanathar's) gets:

Divine Fury

Starting when you choose this path at 3rd level, you can channel divine fury into your weapon strikes. While you're raging, the first creature you hit on each of your turns with a weapon attack takes extra damage equal to 1d6 + half your barbarian level. The extra damage is necrotic or radiant; you choose the type of damage when you gain this feature.

Great Weapon Master lets us take -5 penalty to the attack roll to get +10 to the damage.

The calculation:

  • +7 Strength
  • +3 Magic Weapon
  • +10 Great Weapon Master
  • +10 Zealot's Divine Fury
  • +4 Rage

$$7+3+10+10+4=34$$


I believe this is the most reliably useful static damage a PC can get at level 20 and is most in keeping with the spirit of the actual question. This damage can consistently be used in every encounter, on every attack round, against more than one enemy and is not partially from a legendary item, as the OP has stated.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you, originally when I made my build I had the highest static that you can do consistently in mind myself, but found that what everyone else said answer my question as a single combat should be long enough for most cases. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 20:20
  • \$\begingroup\$ @BloodySprinkles To me static means useful for every encounter throughout the day and against multiple enemies. The other answers did not address that. \$\endgroup\$ – Eternallord66 Aug 19 at 20:24
  • \$\begingroup\$ Absolutely, flat all the time Damage. That was what I originally meant with Static, however I can to realize that if you can do it every day and it’s flat Damage that last for more than a couple turns it should still be an acceptable answer as nowhere did I stipulate continually usable. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 20:26
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    \$\begingroup\$ @BloodySprinkles Yes I see that. I just thought you should have the other, more useable, answer as well. \$\endgroup\$ – Eternallord66 Aug 19 at 20:27
  • \$\begingroup\$ I appreciate it. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 20:27
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There is no limit to the melee weapon attack static damage

With a Moonblade with arbitrarily many runes, one can get many 93-94 runes which provide (emphasis mine):

When you hit a creature of a specific type (such as dragon, fiend, or undead) with the moonblade, the target takes an extra 1d6 damage of one of these types: acid, cold, fire, lightning, or thunder.

A cleric of the Tempest domain can maximize the damage roll of this absurd number of d6 thunder damages via the Channel Divinity: Destructive Wrath feature:

When you roll lightning or thunder damage, you can use your Channel Divinity to deal maximum damage, instead of rolling.

Since all of the runes cause "extra damage", it counts as one damage roll and deals an arbitrarily large amount of static damage. However, the damage from this is only 6 times the number of runes; as long as you have less than thirteen 93-94 runes, the strategy in the next section can beat it1

1: with thirteen 93-94 runes or more, follow the strategy except you are only a level 6 wizard and a level 6 Tempest Domain cleric, and no Great Weapon Master feat

The best melee weapon attack static damage2

The best you can do for a melee weapon attack without a very old Moonblade is 126

The Character

The character who can get the most static melee weapon attack damage is a level 20 Protector Aasimar
{ASs: 13, 8, 8, 18, 13, 20} with the following classes:

  • Warlock (Hexblade) 1 --------------- {for Hexblade's Curse}
  • Cleric (Grave Domain) 2 ------------ {for Channel Divinity: Path to the Grave}
  • Wizard (War Magic) 10 ------------- {for Power Surge, ASIs, green flame blade}
  • Paladin (Oathbreaker) 7 ------------ {for Aura of Hate and ASI}

...with the following equipment:

  • Belt of Storm Giant Strength (attuned) (or any lesser belt if a Legendary item is out of reach; you only lose 8 damage with no belt)
  • Ioun Stone of Intellect (attuned)
  • +3 Magic Weapon (any Heavy weapon; attuned)

...whos received specialized Training (as described in the Dungeon Master's Guide) for the Great Weapon Master feat

The Weapon Attack

By using Hexblade's Curse and Path to the Grave on the target of your melee attack (as well as ensuring another target is within 5 feet), you get the following static damage modifiers:

  • 3 from Magic Weapon
  • 10 from Great Weapon Master (feat)
  • 20 from Radiant Soul (Protector Aasimar trait)
  • 9 from Strength (Belt of Storm Giant Strength)
  • 6 from Hexblade's Curse (Proficiency)
  • 5 from Aura of Hate (Charisma)
  • 5 from Power Surge (against the primary target)
  • all above doubled because of Path of the Grave (Vulnerability)
  • 5 from green flame blade (Intelligence against secondary target)
  • 5 from Power Surge (against the secondary target)

TOTAL: 126

2: A different build for 196 damage is explained by Someone_Evil in his excellent answer, but relies on a Constitution saving throw, whereas this technique just requires that you hit. Assuming the target fails the Consitution saving throw, his build is a valid substitute for the Moonblade when you have less than twenty-four 93-94 runes.

The best melee spell attack static damage

The best you can do for a melee spell attack is 278 (or 498 on a critical hit).

The strategy for this is explain beautifully in Medix2's answer, so I won't rehash it here.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ @BloodySprinkles War Magic and Hexblade warlocks appear in Xanathar's Guide to Everything; the Moonblade appears in the Dungeon Master's Guide; Oathbreakers appear in the Dungon Master's Guide \$\endgroup\$ – David Coffron Aug 19 at 20:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ I for some reason associated the moonblade with the UA Druid. My apologies. I did expand in the comments within the question section to avoid Legendaries but not within the question so your answer is acceptable. My apologies. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 19 at 20:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ @BloodySprinkles I saw that, which is why I offered an alternative solution as well \$\endgroup\$ – David Coffron Aug 19 at 21:52
  • \$\begingroup\$ Sorry, I thought the Storm Giant belt was legendary. \$\endgroup\$ – BloodySprinkles Aug 20 at 1:57
  • \$\begingroup\$ @BloodySprinkles Ooh that is. You can just replace with a lesser belt if desired. I'll add a note \$\endgroup\$ – David Coffron Aug 20 at 13:20
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A Hunter Ranger (11), Oathbreaker Paladin (7), Barbarian (1), Hexblade Warlock (1) can deal at most 3126 damage without relying on any dice rolls or legendary magic items.

A lot of this relies on the unusual Hunter Ranger's Whilrwind Attack feature which states:

You can use your action to make a melee attack against any number of creatures within 5 feet of you, with a separate attack roll for each target.

In the Sage Advice Compendium the following has been stated:

Whirlwind Attack is unusual, in that it’s a single attack with multiple attack rolls.

I have asked the OP if this feature could be used following the ruling in the Compendium, to which they said that it could.

To absolutely maximize our damage with this attack we would want to hit as many creatures as possible. We could surround ourself in tiny creatures, and as there are 26 squares within 5 feet of us and tiny creatures take up one fourth of a square, we could have up to 26*4 creatures all within 5 feet of us.
Thus, most of our static damage will be applying 104 times over.

We would want to be using a +3 magic weapon to gain +3 to each damage roll.
We would want to be raging which states:

When you make a melee weapon attack using Strength, you gain a +2 bonus to the damage roll...

We would want to have our Aura of Hate active which states:

Starting at 7th level, the paladin, [...] gains a bonus to melee weapon damage rolls equal to the paladin's Charisma modifier...

We would want to be using the Great Weapon Master feat which states:

Before you make a melee attack with a heavy weapon with which you are proficient, you can choose to take a -5 penalty to the attack roll. If you do so and the attack hits, it deals +10 damage.

And we would want to be under the effects of shapechange and be turned into a Pit Fiend (It has a +8 to Strength and a +7 to Charisma and its CR is less than 21 so it is a valid creature for these spells).

The Pit Fiend already uses a mace for one of its attacks so I see no reason it could not also use a +3 mace that you happened to have on you at the time.

We would also be able to use all of these features even while shapechanged because the spell states:

You retain the benefit of any features from your class, race, or other source and can use them, provided that your new form is physically capable of doing so...

Thus the bonuses to damage that would be applying to every creature in range would be:
+2 from Rage.
+3 from a magic mace.
+8 from our Strength modifier.
+7 from our Charisma modifier with out Aura of Hate.
+10 from the Great Weapon Master feat.

This gives us a total of 30 damage against each of the 104 creatures, so we already deal 3120 damage. However, we can improve this slightly by adding in the Hexblade's Curse option, dealing 6 more damage to a single cursed creature thus increasing our total damage to 3126.

A lot of this strategy can be used every single turn as there is no limit on the uses of Whirlwind Attack and the Aura of Hate is a passive effect that will always be on. Unfortunately we would only have two rages (though they do last 1 minute) and one use of the Hexblade's Curse per day.

Even if we only hit a more reasonable number of creatures, say 3, we didn't use Hexblade's curse and we weren't raging we would still be dealing 84 static damage, which is certainly a respectable amount.


If we are allowed to use a Belt of Storm Giant Strength we would be able to deal even more damage.
We could shapechange instead into Titivilus who has a +8 modifier to Charisma and wearing the belt our Strength modifier would be +9. These changes would increase our maximum damage to 3334 without any dice being involved at all.
This would change our non-raging, non-cursing, three-target-only attack's static damage to 96 damage.


Theoretically another way to increase this damage is to become tiny ourselves but I do not know a way to make a medium creature tiny, if there were one then we could have three additional tiny creatures in our square and thus within 5 feet of us allowing them to be targets of Whirlwind Attack.
This would increase our maximum non-dice-related damage to 3216 and combining this with the above strategy using legendary items would increase this to 3430 damage.

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