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Silent Spell costs 1 action, but allows you to waive the spell's verbal component. Does waiving the verbal component reduce the spell's action cost by 1, thus producing no net change in the number of actions to cast the spell?

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No. There is no rule that ties the action cost of Cast a Spell to the components of the spell.

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    \$\begingroup\$ P.303 "A spell description lists the components required to Cast the Spell. For most spells, the number of components is equal to the number of actions you must spend to Cast the Spell." \$\endgroup\$ – Strill Aug 27 '19 at 4:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ Good point. The correspondence is therefore intentional without being a rule. \$\endgroup\$ – darch Aug 27 '19 at 4:27
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The total number of actions does not change

Silent Spell states (emphasis mine):

If the next action you use is Casting a Spell that has a verbal component and at least one other component, you can remove the verbal component.

The verbal component is one of the actions of most two- or three-action spells. If the verbal component is removed, only the material and/or somatic components are necessary to cast the spell. Since this feat adds one action and removes one action, the total number of actions does not change.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Is there anything in the book that actually says the verbal component is part of the action cost? \$\endgroup\$ – Strill Aug 28 '19 at 16:29
  • \$\begingroup\$ If there's nothing in the book to directly link the verbal component to the spell's action cost, I'm gonna have to pick the other answer. \$\endgroup\$ – Strill Sep 6 '19 at 0:10
  • \$\begingroup\$ "The verbal component is one of the actions" You're gonna need to support this - the book says nothing about components being actions (only that they often correlate) or about Silent Spell changing action costs like Quickened Casting does. \$\endgroup\$ – Delioth Nov 7 '19 at 16:52

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