I'm preparing to run Curse of Strahd, and one of my players wants to play as a Shadar-kai who is loyal to the Raven Queen.
In the adventure's set up, it says (p. 9):
Unwilling to go the way of his father, Strahd studied magic and forged a pact with the Dark Powers of the Shadowfell in return for the promise of immortality.
For obvious reasons, I'd like to know more about the connection between these Dark Powers of the Shadowfell and Strahd.
I've looked at the related question What are the "Dark Powers"? but it seems to be an old question based on old D&D lore (from 2e and 3e) that doesn't help in this regard, because the Shadowfell appears to have been introduced in 4e (and remains in 5e). Hence this question about the 5e adventure Curse of Strahd and the 4e/5e Shadowfell is not a duplicate of that question.
Rather than focusing on the Dark Powers (since that would make this a duplicate), I want to instead better understand the relationship between Strahd, Barovia and the Shadowfell, especially if the Raven Queen is supposed to be in any way related to any of this. If it turns out that she is related to this, then this player's backstory will have to include why the Raven Queen is sending their PC to ruin Strahd's day (especially since, AFAIK, the Raven Queen dislikes sentient undead), whereas otherwise the "Raven Queen dislikes sentient undead" thing is probably enough on its own.
So, in what way is the Shadowfell related to Strahd, and the plane of Barovia (if at all)?
I'm chiefly interested in any 5e lore that might help me understand the connections between the Shadowfell and Barovia/Strahd, but 4e lore is acceptable as well. 3e and older lore I won't shun if it can help in any way, but the fact that the Shadowfell didn't exist back then implies that answers must contain at least some 4e/5e lore as well for such answers to be helpful.