The following is within the scope of Dnd Adventurers League play.
The Arcane Archer martial archetype of Xanathar's Guide to Everything alllows you to select the "Piercing Arrow" Arcane Shot option :
You use transmutation magic to give your arrow an ethereal quality. When you use this option, you don't make an attack roll for the attack. Instead, the arrow shoots forward in a line, which is 1 foot wide and 30 feet long, before disappearing. The arrow passes harmlessly through objects, ignoring cover. Each creature in that line must make a Dexterity saving throw. On a failed save, a creature takes damage as if it were hit by the arrow, plus an extra 1d6 piercing damage. On a successful save, a target takes half as much damage.
The Forcecage spell (box option) says :
[…] A prison in the shape of a box can be up to 10 feet on a side, creating a solid barrier that prevents any matter from passing through it and blocking any spells cast into or out from the area. […] The cage also extends into the Ethereal Plane, blocking ethereal travel.
The Wall of Force spell says :
Nothing can physically pass through the wall. The wall extends into the Ethereal Plane, blocking ethereal travel through the wall.
Does the Arcane Archer's Piercing Arrow pass through Walls of Force and Forcecages (box option) ?
It seems to be a situation in the likes of "unstoppable force meeting unmovable obstacle". It says it ignores cover, which those 2 spells provide, but its flavor text mentions an ethereal quality, which may or may not be relevant (since the spells normally block ethereal travel). I don't know if the right answer is "it works", "it doesn't work", or "DM Discretion".