# How much movement does it take to stand up from prone when my speed is modified?

Suppose my speed is normally 30 feet. I get hit with a Slow spell, reducing my speed to 15 feet, and then I get knocked prone. How many feet of movement do I need to spend in order to stand back up from prone? How many feet of movement do I have left over once I've stood up?

What if I am also hit with a Ray of Frost spell while slowed, reducing my speed to 5 feet for 1 round? Am I able to stand up at all?

• Commented Dec 17, 2019 at 2:22
• @Medix2 Hmm, most of the question and answer are about dashing and how it doesn't actually change your speed, but I guess the last paragraph of the accepted answer does answer my question. Commented Dec 17, 2019 at 2:28
• That's a fair point, the question itself doesn't really ask what the title states... Here are some other somewhat related questions: "Is the additional movement granted by the Mobile feat also halved when a character stands from prone?" and "Being prone with multiple movement speeds" Commented Dec 17, 2019 at 2:31
• What, to you, is particularly different about the scenario where you only have 5 speed and not 30? Commented Dec 17, 2019 at 3:02
• @Medix2 The point of that part was that if you needed 15 feet of movement to stand up, you wouldn't be able to stand up at all if your speed was 5. Commented Dec 17, 2019 at 3:11

# Speed is a game noun

The basic rules define speed as:

Every character and monster has a speed, which is the distance in feet that the character or monster can walk in 1 round.

On your character sheet this is probably listed as "speed: 30ft" or something similar. Anywhere the game says "speed", it is talking about this speed. You use it for standing up, swimming, climbing, etc.

Slow states:

An affected target's speed is halved

When standing up from prone:

Standing up takes more effort; doing so costs an amount of movement equal to half your speed.

Now that your speed is halved, when you attempt to stand up from prone it will cost half of your new speed. If your original speed was 30ft, then it was halved to 15ft, standing up from prone will cost 7.5ft.

What if I am also hit with a Ray of Frost spell while slowed, reducing my speed to 5 feet for 1 round? Am I able to stand up at all?

If your speed is 5ft, then standing up costs 2.5ft. That leaves you with 2.5ft left over. If you are playing with the grid variant rule, then the DM will probably rule that you should round down your remaining movement and you cannot move 1 square.

How much movement does it take to stand up from prone when my speed is modified?

This answers differs from the accepted answer. I'm almost reluctant to offer dissent against the one and only answer which probably enjoys general support, since there is no other answer. But because my answer does appear to match RAW, I will offer it up for consideration and I welcome comments.

The rule (Basic Rules, chapter 9, page 73) for standing from prone says this activity “costs an amount of movement equal to half your speed.” It could easily have said “…half your speed after applying any modifiers” but it did not.

Consider instead the rule (chapter 9, page 75) for the Dash action. It allows extra movement which “equals your speed, after applying any modifiers.” So in that specific case we learn that the modified speed is the amount to take into consideration. When the Designers wanted the modified speed to be taken into account they were clear about it.

I believe it is generally accepted that we should assume the words mean exactly what they say. “There are no hidden rules” is an oft-quoted phrase on RPG Stack Exchange.

I couldn't tell you the Intended Rules, but Written Rules appear to be: the cost of standing is half your unmodified speed.

So, to answer your first paragraph: with speed of 30, but slowed to 15, it costs half of 30 to stand from prone. 30/2-15 = 0. This would use up your entire movement for the turn and you would be unable to move.

That might seem harsh, but for what it may be worth, this interpretation appears to be close to how the 3.5 rules handled standing up while slowed. Barring any other abilities, if you used your "move action" to stand up you would not be able to move again that turn. I'm not claiming we should look at 3.5 to interpret 5e, but this is food for thought. Is there any reason to suggest Design Intent changed between versions?

When searching for Design Intent I found this Tweet from Jeremy Crawford, lead rules designer for DnD.

Question: “If you are under the effect of Haste and Knocked Prone, does it take half your Hasted movement to stand?”

Mr. Crawford: “Standing up requires an amount of movement equal to half your speed, not equal to half your potential movement for the turn.

(my emphasis)

I am not entirely sure how to parse that response, but it appears Mr. Crawford is saying "No, you use half your unmodified speed and not half your potential (hasted/slowed etc.) movement in order to stand." After all, he could have simply said "Yes" if your new speed was indeed the number to work with.