In Advanced Dungeons & Dragons, a magic-user that casts the spell find familiar could gain a special familiar according to the caster's alignment if the DM rolls (in secret, naturally) exactly 15 on 1d20. (To be clear, a result of 1–14 yields a more pedestrian black cat, crow, hawk, screech owl, toad, or weasel, and a result of 16–20 yields no familiar—better luck next year!) Special familiars include a quasit for a CN or CE caster, an imp for a LE or NE caster, a brownie for a LN or LG caster, and a pseudo-dragon for CG, NG, and N casters. In other words, the early game didn't seem to think it necessary to extend special familiar parity all the way to making all special familiars extraplanar.
(The Player's Handbook for Advanced Dungeons & Dragons, 2nd Edition (and, by extension, the Wizard's Spell Compendium) eliminates the possibility of special familiars from the find familiar spell. A result of 15—20 meant trying again later.)
Dungeons & Dragons 3.5 allows a caster of good alignment to gain as a familiar either a coure, a lantern archon, or a musteval
In Dungeons & Dragons 3.5, the imp (Monster Manual 56), a devil, and the quasit (46), a demon, are available to lawful and chaotic evil arcane casters, respectively, that take the feat Improved Familiar (Dungeon Master's Guide 200) and that possess an arcane caster level of at least 7. Further, the formian worker (108–9), a formian (obviously), or any mephit (MM 180–5 et al.) is available to a similar caster that possesses an alignment of LN or N, respectively. (Mephits in general are made available by page 78 of Complete Scoundrel.) Both the formian worker and mephits, however, possess size categories of Small rather than Tiny.
By comparison, an appropriate creature that possesses an arcane caster level of at least 7 can take the feat Celestial Familiar (Book of Exalted Deeds 41), dismiss her current familiar if any, and perform the 100-gp familiar-summoning ritual to gain either a coure (Book of Exalted Deeds 168–9), an eladrin; a lantern archon (MM 16), an archon; or a musteval (BE 174), a guardinal depending on if her alignment is CG, LG, or NG, respectively. (It's a mystery to this 3.5 fan why the feat Celestial Familiar even exists when other texts just expand the options of the feat Improved Familiar, but that's 3.5 for you.) The lantern archon's size category is Small, but the other two are Tiny.
A lantern archon is pretty much just a ball of light, but the Book of Exalted Deeds has evocative illustrations of the coure and of the musteval.
A coure eladrin
A musteval guardinal
(Both creatures are about the size of a typical real-world house cat.) All of these 3.5 creatures are extraplanar in origin. To my knowledge the CN alignment is unrepresented. There's no option for a kooky CN magician to have as a familiar, for instance, a Tiny extraplanar slaad-like creature. (A side slaad?)