Can Cloudkill deal damage twice in a turn?

The spell Cloudkill has the following effect:

When a creature enters the spell's area for the first time on a turn or starts its turn there, that creature must make a Constitution saving throw. The creature takes 5d8 poison damage on a failed save, or half as much damage on a successful one.

The bolded section is language shared by several spells (Moonbeam, Sleet Storm).

If a creature starts its turn in the Cloudkill (and therefore makes a save/takes the damage), runs out of it, then runs back in, will it need to make another save?

In other words, does "enters the spell's area for the first time on a turn" mean:

1. The first instance of transitioning from outside the spell's area to inside it on a turn (yes, the creature must make another save)
2. Any time the creature enters the spell's area and has not previously been in it this turn (no, the creature doesn't make another save)
• Jun 15, 2020 at 12:30

If you start in an area of effect, go outside it, and go into it all on that same turn, you will have to make two saving throws

The saving throws are not mutually exclusive

The spell states:

[...] When a creature enters the spell's area for the first time on a turn or starts its turn there, that creature must make a Constitution saving throw. [...]

We can first modify this quote slightly:

[...] When a creature enters the spell's area for the first time on a turn or starts its turn in the spell's area, that creature must make a Constitution saving throw. [...]

And now we can separate out each "or" phrase1

[...] When a creature enters the spell's area for the first time on a turn, that creature must make a Constitution saving throw. [...]

[...] When a creature starts its turn in the spell's area, that creature must make a Constitution saving throw. [...]

This gives us two independent events that result in a creature making a saving throw. Nothing in this text states or implies that these are mutually exclusive.

With the first quote, the saving throw occurs the first time the creature enters the area. Notebly, this is explicitly limited to only occur once per turn.

With the second quote, the saving throw occurs any time the creature's turn begins and the creature is in the area. Notably, this can only occur once because your turn only starts once.

Even though each individual cause (entering the area and starting your turn there) can only happen once on a given turn, nothing states or implies that they cannot both happen.

Standard English would say that to enter an area means to go from somewhere outside the area to somewhere inside the area

That is just how the word "enter" is used, it means to go into a place and the only way to go into a place is to have been somewhere not in the place.

So, say we start in the area of effect. We would make a saving throw because of the second half of the "or" construction. Note that at this point in time we have not entered the area of effect during our turn.

Say we then left the area and walked into it. We would be entering it for the first time on that turn and therefore we must make another saving throw.

1: The clear divide in the "or" construction is "enters" and "starts" this is because "or" connects identical phrase types and these are the same type of phrase. In a general format this or construction resembles "When a creature blanks or blanks..." This can also be seen because the thing that "starts its turn" is "a creature"

• Without seeming lazy, this would benefit from a tl/dr Jun 15, 2020 at 19:51
• The entire conclusion rests on "or" being always-inclusive. As a stretched example, does this mean dndbeyond.com/spells/holy-aura would trigger twice if some fiend/undead creature (e.g. from a 3.5 vile death spell) attacked? Jun 15, 2020 at 22:14
• As mentioned, the example is contrived. What I meant by exclusive was that satisfying one or the other was sufficient, and the reading is (AvB)->C, not (A->C),(B->C). If it isn't clear can just make the alternative answer. Jun 15, 2020 at 22:26
• Sorry, the v meant inclusive or. The strict rewrite for (AvB)->C might look like "The first time during a creature's turn that it is in the spell's area (either by starting their turn there, or entering it during their turn), that creature must ..." Jun 15, 2020 at 22:50
• Jun 15, 2020 at 23:02