Working just with the basic game (read: PHB, no expansions), I was trying to outfit an elven cleric, but the starting equipment only includes simple weapons (or war hammer, with which dwarves are proficient, but not elves). A high-dexterity elf could really benefit from access to longbow or short sword, but neither one is available as standard equipment for a cleric at character creation. How do I get elf-appropriate starting equipment that won't limit my damage potential?
This seems to be a broader problem for other classes as well. Indeed, every class that allows you to equip martial weapons at the start also grants martial weapon abilities — making the elf weapon training redundant. Did I miss some special rule that allows you to treat "race-specific weapons" as simple weapons for initial character creation? I'd even be happy if shortsword was "simple", but it isn't.