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The flesh to stone spell states:

A creature restrained by this spell must make another Constitution saving throw at the end of each of its turns. If it successfully saves against this spell three times, the spell ends. If it fails its saves three times, it is turned to stone and subjected to the petrified condition for the duration. The successes and failures don't need to be consecutive; keep track of both until the target collects three of a kind.

Say a wizard casts flesh to stone on an orc (to make it simple), and the orc fails the first saving throw.

Then the wizard's friend, in the same round, casts a second flesh to stone spell on the poor orc, against which he also fails his saving throw. Then the wizard's other friend casts a third flesh to stone in that same round on the poor orc, and he fails that saving throw as well.

Does the orc fully petrify in that round? In other words, do the effects of the spells starting to petrify the orc stack with each other? He did fail 3 saving throws, but it was against 3 separate spells instead of 1 spell.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to RPG.SE! Take the tour if you haven't already, and check out the help center for more guidance. \$\endgroup\$ – V2Blast Jul 15 at 4:52
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The rule on combining magical effects states:

The effects of different spells add together while the durations of those spells overlap. The effects of the same spell cast multiple times don't combine, however. Instead, the most potent effect — such as the highest bonus — from those castings applies while their durations overlap, or the most recent effect applies if the castings are equally potent and their durations overlap.

So, the question does not arise - while the first spell is still ongoing, the others have no effect. No saving throws are made for them unless and until the first spell ends while they are still ongoing.

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    \$\begingroup\$ The rule you cite says that the most recent effect applies if the castings are equally potent but you interpret it such that the first one cast is the one that applies, can you clarify how you reach that conclusion? \$\endgroup\$ – Deeps Jul 15 at 8:11
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Deeps because I’m not consistent \$\endgroup\$ – Dale M Jul 15 at 9:58
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    \$\begingroup\$ @DaleM Doesn’t that contradict the last bit of your quote “the most recent effect applies if the castings are equally potent and their durations overlap”, so shouldn’t the relevant casting be the last one rather than the first? \$\endgroup\$ – Cubic Jul 15 at 16:07
  • \$\begingroup\$ So if you fail the save vs the first spell and start to petrify then second spell is cast and you make THAT saving throw assuming same dc then the most recent spell effect becomes primary and you are no longer restrained/partially petrified? \$\endgroup\$ – Rosco Jul 16 at 6:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Rosco No - the second spell has no effect - so you make no saving throw while under the effect of the first. \$\endgroup\$ – Dale M Jul 16 at 10:05
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The Orc failed one saving throw for the purposes of determining whether it is petrified.

Regarding Combining Magical Effects (PHB, 205)

The effects of the same spell cast multiple times don't combine, however. Instead, the most potent effect — such as the highest bonus — from those castings applies while their durations overlap.

Since the first Flesh to Stone is still ongoing, when the second and third wizards cast Flesh to Stone the orc would make a saving throw to end the additional spells but, even if the orc failed, there would be no additional effects. If the first Flesh to Stone ended then whichever remaining Flesh to Stone had the highest save DC would start to take effect. The orc would need to fail three times against that spell before being petrified.

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