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The Twinned Spell option for the sorcerer's Metamagic feature says (PHB, p. 102):

When you cast a spell that targets only one creature and doesn’t have a range of self, you can spend a number of sorcery points equal to the spell’s level to target a second creature in range with the same spell (1 sorcery point if the spell is a cantrip).

To be eligible, a spell must be incapable of targeting more than one creature at the spell’s current level. For example, magic missile and scorching ray aren’t eligible, but ray of frost and chromatic orb are.

Similarly, the School of Enchantment wizard's Split Enchantment feature says (PHB, p. 117):

Starting at 10th level, when you cast an enchantment spell of 1st level or higher that targets only one creature, you can have it target a second creature.

If a character with access to both Twinned Spell and Split Enchantment casts a spell that fulfills the requirements for both, can both features be used at the same time?

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Each description specifies targeting a second creature.

Each feature description is specific to state that we may “target a second creature”.

The first three ordinal numbers in English are first, second, and third; not first, second, and second. So if we target a third creature, we are contradicting both spell descriptions which specify we may only target a second creature.

We may only target up to two creatures, even if using both of these features.

But we can’t use them together anyway.

Each feature modifies the spell to target a second creature, so once we use one, our spell is no longer a valid for the other.

While Jeremy Crawford’s tweets are not official in any way, it may still be helpful to observe that he personally affirmed this particular ruling when he tweeted:

Split Enchantment and Twinned Spell are mutually exclusive. When you use one of them, the spell no longer targets only one creature.

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    \$\begingroup\$ It's worth noting that even if each feature said it let you "target another creature" (instead of "a second creature"), they still wouldn't stack - because by definition, once one of the features has been used, the spell no longer targets "only one creature". \$\endgroup\$ – V2Blast Jul 31 at 1:20
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RAW: Yes

If a spell has a single target, then even after the effects of Twinned Spell or Split Enchantment, the spell itself has a single target. Neither feature modifies the spell.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ @RyanC.Thompson Yes, I quoted the features above. The question is whether or not the features modify the base spell, is "twinned charm" a spell? You can see the opposite conclusion above. \$\endgroup\$ – gszavae Jul 31 at 6:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ You stickin with this answer? \$\endgroup\$ – Thomas Markov 11 hours ago

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