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The Magic Initiate feat lets you pick a few spells from a number of classes' spell lists, each of which has their own rules for using a focus in place of material components - notably, it excludes the one casting class that cannot use a focus of any kind, the Ranger.

Also notably, while the feat makes it explicit that you use the appropriate attribute to cast that class' spells - but not that you gain the use of the appropriate focus. Is there a reason to believe you also gain the ability to use the focus, as per the appropriate class' Spellcasting (or Pact Magic) feature?

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Use of a spellcasting focus is a class specific feature.

There may be some confusion from the wording in Chapter 10: Spellcasting. The rules for focuses and components may be construed as permitting any class to use a focus:

Casting some spells requires particular objects, specified in parentheses in the component entry. A character can use a component pouch or a spellcasting focus (found in chapter 5, “Equipment”) in place of the components specified for a spell.

It says "a character", but this should not be understood to mean "any person", but rather, any person with the proper class feature.

To this end, all of the spellcasting classes have a specific class feature that permits use of a focus:

Bard:

You can use a musical instrument (see the Tools section) as a spellcasting focus for your bard spells.

Cleric:

You can use a holy symbol (see the Adventuring Gear section) as a spellcasting focus for your cleric spells.

Druid:

You can use a druidic focus (see the Adventuring Gear section) as a spellcasting focus for your druid spells.

Sorcerer:

You can use an arcane focus (see the Adventuring Gear section) as a spellcasting focus for your sorcerer spells.

Warlock:

You can use an arcane focus (see the Adventuring Gear section) as a spellcasting focus for your warlock spells.

Wizard:

You can use an arcane focus (see the Adventuring Gear section) as a spellcasting focus for your wizard spells.

As you can see, it is clearly intended that use of a focus be a class feature unique to caster classes. This understanding is confirmed in the descriptions of the focuses. For example, the arcane focus description states:

A sorcerer, warlock, or wizard can use such an item as a spellcasting focus, as described in the Spellcasting section.

Without a class feature permitting use of a focus, a character may not make use of a focus.

It is worth noting that anyone can use a component pouch.

The description of a component pouch is a bit different:

A component pouch is a small, watertight leather belt pouch that has compartments to hold all the material components and other special items you need to cast your spells, except for those components that have a specific cost (as indicated in a spell's description).

None of the caster class feature mention component pouches, so anyone should be able to make use of a component pouch for casting spells.

Putting it all together.

In conclusion, the answer to the question is "No, the Magic Initiate feat is not a sufficient condition for making use of a spellcasting focus." But as stated previously, just get a component pouch.

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No, you must provide material components

Personally, I do not believe there is reason to gain the ability to use a focus - specific beats general, with general in this case being the need to provide components as listed in the basic spellcasting rules. The reason the various spellcasting classes can (partially) ignore that rule is part of their respective Spellcasting or Pact Magic features - and the feat does not make any reference to actually giving access to those features.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ You many want to note that the use of a spellcasting focus is outlined in each class 's description in Chapter 3. \$\endgroup\$ – KorvinStarmast Mar 15 at 15:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ You might also want to address how the feat intersects with using a component pouch. \$\endgroup\$ – Jack Mar 15 at 16:06
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    \$\begingroup\$ I agree with Korvin. Since your answer starts with "Personally, I do not believe..." it reads like you have no facts to back up your claim and are merely expressing an opinion. If you add quotes and what "specific" is being the general it would improve your answer. \$\endgroup\$ – MivaScott Mar 15 at 16:57
  • \$\begingroup\$ @MivaScott "Personally, I do not believe" makes the answer feel like an opinion piece, but it doesn't actually make it an opinion piece. Even pre-edit, this was still a correct answer. \$\endgroup\$ – RevanantBacon Mar 15 at 20:27

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