I am looking to convert a few modules from 3.5 into 5e and while I am going to change the nature of the creatures encountered I am not 100% sure how.

Does 3.5 follow the same kind of encounter and adventuring day rules as 5e? If I see a CR1 creature in a 3.5 module can I just replace it with a CR1 creature from 5e?

In this specific example it is low level (3-5) but I don't know if that will make a difference.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Related: How can I convert enemies from D&D 3.5e to 5e? \$\endgroup\$
    – Laurel
    Commented Feb 12, 2022 at 12:13
  • 4
    \$\begingroup\$ Even if it can, please don't. The CR system in 3.5e was a mess. \$\endgroup\$
    – J. Mini
    Commented Feb 12, 2022 at 13:02
  • \$\begingroup\$ Are you looking to do this for some kind of offical / tournament play or publication, or just for your home game? \$\endgroup\$ Commented Feb 12, 2022 at 13:04
  • \$\begingroup\$ @groodythehobgoblin just for a home game, taking part of a module and putting it into my homebrew. I know I have to rebalance the traps, but wondering if I also need to rebalance the enemies and number of encounters. \$\endgroup\$
    – SeriousBri
    Commented Feb 12, 2022 at 13:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ I rolled the edit back because it references xp and I don't care about xp, just cr. They may be linked, but it may also cloud the waters. \$\endgroup\$
    – SeriousBri
    Commented Feb 12, 2022 at 19:30

2 Answers 2


Not in general

For 3.5e, the rule was that two creatures at CR N is worth one creature at CR N+2. (And then one creature of CR N is a reasonable challenge for a party at level N.) So, to determine encounter difficulty, you'd sort of combine creatures together to figure out the total CR of the group, and then you'd compare that to the party level. Four CR5 monsters equals one CR9 monster which is appropriate for a level-nine party.

(At very low CR numbers there's a slightly different rule; it takes three CR1 monsters to be the equivalent of a CR3 monster.)

For 5e this rule doesn't apply. For example, I went to https://koboldplus.club/#/encounter-builder and I told it that I had a party of four level-fifteen characters. I told it they were fighting various encounters that would have been appropriate in 3.5e:

1x CR15 monster: "difficulty: medium"
2x CR13 monster: "difficulty: deadly"
4x CR11 monster: "difficulty: 2x deadly"

But at low levels it might be fine

I repeated the above experiment with a level-five party:

One CR5 monster: "difficulty: easy"
Two CR3 monsters: "difficulty: medium"
Six CR1 monsters: "difficulty: medium"

Also, 3.5e encounters were sort of busted

It's been a long time since I played 3.5e, but I remember encounter difficulty having a lot of problems. Monster deadliness scaled up very fast (as you'd expect for a system where two level-seven equals one level-nine). It was very dangerous to give the group a battle against a single monster, because that monster would focus fire on one character and that character would die. But also, just in general, high-level play was very dangerous and was likely to kill an unoptimized group if you followed the official guidelines, no matter what you did.

My advice is to use the encounter builder if you're uncertain -- it's quick and easy.


You only need to do this if you are looking for balanced encounters

The answer by Dan B already clarifies that from a technical perspective, you cannot simply lift the same challenge ratings and expect that to work. If that is needed however depends largely on your play style.

You already mentioned this is for a home game, not for published material where your readers' expectations rightfully would be that the encounters are balanced for character levels as is common for 5e.

And you may even prefer to do this for your home game, if the style of play you have is the typical, "safe" 5e style, where players can expect to encounter only challenges balanced to their power.

However, if your players understand it, and you all agree, you can instead opt to play a more "old school" play style, where encounters are not always balanced to the player characters level. Some may be deadly in the true sense of the word: trying to win them by force can easily result in a total party kill. Of course it is for the DM to signal to the players if that is the case, so they can opt to negotiate, evade or retreat in time. If you play like this, balancing challenge ratings is not that much of concern, unless the entire adventure turns into a death walk.

This may also make your goal to play older material much easier in terms of conversion: just use the same monsters. It does not matter much what their CRs were and now are. If it's a goblin, use a Goblin. If it's a drow mage, use a Drow Mage.

I have some practical experience with this. We played through the old "Against the Giants" adventures from 1e, and I effectively ran them as-is, just replacing Hill, Frost and Fire Giants with their current 5e equivalents (and only converting some of the monsters for which there was no 5e version). This made these adventures A LOT more deadly. Giants got a big power boost between 1e and 5e.

It also made the adventures very interesting. Faced with opponents they know they could not simply beat in combat, the player characters approached these adventures as infiltration missions, sneaking, sleuthing and magically scrying the territory before making surgical strikes. They succeeded in stealing the Hill Giant chieftain's treasure from his basement, and in assassinating the Frost Giant jarl in his bedchamber.

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    \$\begingroup\$ Using the same creatures would make my job easier, but typically everything so far is either vague (IE: Tiefling, CR2) or entirely unique to the module. I like the answer though. Thank you \$\endgroup\$
    – SeriousBri
    Commented Feb 13, 2022 at 12:41

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