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The Harengon race in The Wild Beyond the Witchlight, along with many other races says:

You are Medium or Small. You choose the size when you select this race.

Besides the Squat Nimbleness feat and minimum size of mount, what are the differences, mechanically, that would help you decide which to pick?

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There is a few differences but nothing that would specifically affect only Harengon

Apart from the Squat Nimbleness feat (which is restricted to Small creatures) and mount rules here are the other differences that I am aware of:

  • Grappling and Shoving: you can grapple or shove a creature that is at most 1 size larger than you, so Medium characters can grapple or shove creatures that are up to Large in size, whereas a Small one can only grapple or shove Medium sized or smaller.
  • Heavy weapons: If a weapon has the “heavy” property, Small creatures attack with it at Disadvantage.
  • Moving through hostile creature’s space: the creature needs to be at least 2 sizes smaller or larger for you to be able to move through its space so a Small character can move through Large creature’s space, whereas for a Medium character the creature must be Huge to allow this; however, Medium character can move through Tiny creature’s space and a Small character cannot.
  • Squeezing: Small characters can get into spaces that Medium characters wouldn’t fit in at all. Since you can Squeeze into a space that’s big enough for a creature 1 size smaller than you, and RAW both Medium and Small creatures occupy 5x5 ft., Small creatures can Squeeze into Tiny spaces, whereas Medium creatures effectively cannot squeeze. Note: this is a strict RAW interpretation, in practice a lot of DMs treat squeezing rules differently.
  • Being smaller means more opportunities for hiding and for cover since you can use a smaller object to do so.
  • A Small creature is usually lighter than a Medium one, that can help you avoid traps of the structure “X happen if more than Y pounds of weight is put on it”, of which there are multiple instances in official campaigns - rotten floorboards, rigged bridges, pressure plates, etc.
  • Dimension Door: the spell allows you to bring along one creature of your size or smaller, as a Small PC you would not be able to take a Medium party member with you
  • Providing cover (as noted by @Wyrmwood): largely DM dependent, but it can be ruled that the small creature does not provide cover when interposed between an ally and an enemy. You could argue it's RAW, as A target has half cover if an obstacle blocks at least half of its body.

Which one is better is quite relative as it depends on what sort of character you are planning to play, e.g. for a rogue being Small would probably be quite beneficial, allowing you to make use of all sorts of hidey-holes, whereas for a Greatsword-wielding Fighter it would just be a detriment.

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    \$\begingroup\$ Hi @AnnaAG. Your bullet labelled squeezing . . . it ends in an asterisk. Is that a typo? It looks like a reference to a footnote, but there's no note. I know this is an old question, and editing will put it to the front page, so I wanted to ask before just editing. \$\endgroup\$
    – Jack
    Commented Apr 13 at 14:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Jack difficult to say, could have been a part of some formatting that I then edited out before posting, could be a typo too \$\endgroup\$
    – AnnaAG
    Commented Jun 9 at 17:53
  • \$\begingroup\$ I've taken it out, feel free to revert. \$\endgroup\$
    – Jack
    Commented Jun 9 at 18:52
  • \$\begingroup\$ One I've seen in several games, but is largely DM dependent, is that the small creature does not provide cover when interposed between an ally and an enemy. You could argue it's RAW, as A target has half cover if an obstacle blocks at least half of its body. The biggest detractor to being small is casting Dimension Door. \$\endgroup\$
    – Wyrmwood
    Commented Jun 10 at 19:07
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Wyrmwood that’s a good point, ive edited my answer to include it \$\endgroup\$
    – AnnaAG
    Commented Jun 10 at 19:32

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