The Shield of Missile Attraction states (emphasis mine):
This shield is cursed. Attuning to it curses you until you are targeted by the remove curse spell or similar magic. Removing the shield fails to end the curse on you. Whenever a ranged weapon attack is made against a target within 10 feet of you, the curse causes you to become the target instead.
These answers stipulate that a 'ranged weapon' is a weapon which is defined as such in the PHB. Thus, a melee weapon with the thrown property does not fit the criteria of a 'ranged weapon', rather it's a melee weapon with the thrown property.
With that in mind, suppose a team of strength based characters had a tank in their lines with the Shield of Missile Attraction, could the teammates make ranged attacks without concern using melee weapons with the thrown property (i.e. hand axes and spears)?