Does a Double Weapon work with Two-weapon feats?

Would the benefits from the feats: Two-weapon Fighting, Two-weapon Opening, Two-weapon Defense, etc... apply to a character that uses a Double Axe, Double Sword or Double Scimitar?

There are a couple of weirdnesses with regard to Small characters, the stout keyword, and so forth, but as D&D is an exception-based system and none of those exceptions seem to be commonly prone to confusion, it would be tedious and unnecessarily listy to go into them here.