I purchased Microscope quite a while ago, and have played countless games that were really awesome. We've created things like superheroes with the power to turn any weapon into fish, people marrying the ocean, ninja training schools masquerading as pre-schools, gnomes being used as fuel for magic, a bear running for president but being beaten by the janitor who happened to be nearby, etc. It's silly and great.

But I keep reading other people's games, and they get pretty deep and meaningful. People want to find out, not what crazy stunt happens next, but small, personal thing happens next. Very little like our games at all.

Every single game of Microscope I have played has been silly to the core. Every single Microscope game I've read about has not. There has been silliness, but never to the same extent it has been in ours. We rarely make anything meaningful. It makes me think there's something we're doing wrong.

I imagine this is partially why the Palette is there. But it doesn't seem powerful enough to handle this particular problem.

How do you make sure a Microscope game is meaningful, and not a random amalgamation of nonsense?

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    \$\begingroup\$ Great question and welcome to the site! \$\endgroup\$
    – LitheOhm
    Apr 18, 2013 at 6:50
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    \$\begingroup\$ The more important question is, do you WANT them to be more serious, its not like you're being graded on your ability to mimic everyone elses gameplay, if you and your players are having fun and enjoying the game then surely nothing needs to be changed \$\endgroup\$
    – user7626
    Apr 18, 2013 at 8:27
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    \$\begingroup\$ The first write-up I read was definitely silly, so it's not like you're the only ones. :P \$\endgroup\$
    – starwed
    Apr 18, 2013 at 13:44
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    \$\begingroup\$ @starwed Ha! That game is actually one I managed to inject quite a bit of drama into by the end, and remembering how I did that is what inspired me to write an answer here. \$\endgroup\$ Apr 18, 2013 at 17:32

4 Answers 4


Theme is very important, but is only one dial you have at your fingertips. A serious theme makes for a serious game, but not all themes that are interesting are inherently serious. For neutral themes, neither inherently silly nor inherently serious, there are still lots of small ways to bend the game toward gravity rather than levity, and they can add up.

Scene Questions

One powerful framing tool you have is scene questions. What does your game ask about itself? What brings out nobility and sacrifice are tragedy and (mild) horror. Think of the tragedies of stories and history: betrayals, loss, conquest, oppression. You don't have to make your game an unending parade of the worst of human nature, but using these as a judicious seasoning can push a game toward more serious moments. "Why did the queen poison her own son, the heir to the kingdom?" is a question that will not guarantee a lack of silliness, but it forces the scene to be, at least partially, about human struggles and emotion. (Or Martian struggles and emotion, same thing.)


One of the more subtle things you can do is seed the palette with things that make the game "grittier" or "more realistic". We once played a game, The History of the Ant Queendom from the Age of Myth to the Sidewalk Reno Apocalypse. It was a game that had a lot of potential for silliness, and everyone but myself was new to Microscope (and new players often go silly while getting a grip on how it plays). One of the things we put on the Palette that made the game more serious was "No: anthropomorphisms". So we had an civilisation of sentient ants that we were going to play, but we had to make them ant-ish, not just humans in ant shape. It forced us to think in terms of real ants, modified only as much as we needed in order to make them characters that were meaningful and interesting to play.

Using the Palette to ground a game's sensibilities is more of an art than a science. Think of the genre you've settled on and what it commonly incorporates as fantastic elements. Then either put those on the No Palette or put a more grounded, pedestrian, or grim version of it on the Yes Palette. Playing space opera? "No: Psionics; Aliens". Fantasy? "Yes: Magic comes from only demons", or "No: Non-humans". You don't have to ban silliness outright (and it's hard to anyway), but you can use the Palette to shape the ingredients you're going to use, giving the whole of them the feel you're going for.

Another traditional item on our Palettes when we're feeling more serious is "No: Clowns". It's not a solid preventative measure, but more of a signal that we're going to avoid the extremes of silliness. You might find "No: Absurdities" to be more pointed, but whatever gently redirects your group's thoughts from the silly stuff will work to subtly influence you toward a more serious game.

Be Boring

One of the knobs you can tune is what you introduce to the game on your turn.

One of the problems with a wide-open game like Microscope is that players feel a significant pressure to be creatively interesting at every moment, and end up forcing themselves to think of outlandish absurdities just to make things different. Instead of the king living in a sombre stone castle where he can reasonably have excitingly mundane problems like assassins and traitorous pretenders to the throne, we get a crystal city on the back of a flying turtle ruled by the Omnipotent Goblin Sultan. Difference for difference's sake is rarely good and solid to build on, and the group will struggle to form a holistic, integrated vision of this place as a real and believable place. That lack of being able to believe in the game objects results in a detachment and lack of investment, which, coupled with the precedent of absurd details, can easily precipitate a carelessness that spirals into yet more absurd details.

The cure for this is being boring. Okay, not really boring, but "boring".

Boringness is actually not a sin when you're playing a roleplaying game. One of the bits of advice form Graham Walmsley's roleplaying handbook Play Unsafe is when you are improvising what comes next, to do the obvious thing. The wondrous thing about a group activity like an RPG is that what is obvious to one person will be unobvious to another. The strokes of genius that you see in other players are rarely carefully crafted to be genius – they're just what they boringly thought should happen next, but it's fresh and unexpected from the different perspective that you inhabit. With three or four people around the table just doing what they think is sensible and boring, you'll constantly hear unexpected and clever things from your fellow players. And best of all, when they're "the obvious thing", they are things that are well-tied and grounded in the world you're creating, giving them a solid reality that you can all invest in properly. Lack of silliness is not so much the way to a serious game, as much as it's your investment in the trials and tribulations of these people.

Being boring applies to creating Periods, Events, and Scenes, as well as in all the details of setting up the scene and when playing the scene out. Don't strain to find something clever; just do what you think makes sense. Don't avoid clever when it occurs to you, but don't stretch and struggle for false cleverness. It's not necessary, because the obvious thing is likely to be perceived as clever anyway. And besides, often enough pushing for cleverness just comes off to others as trying too hard and it falls flat. Go for boring and you'll get nuanced, human drama more often.

Scene Characters

When setting up a scene, it can be tempting to leave the character choices wide open, but they're an opportunity to set the tone of the scene. A scene on an airship could involve the dashing swashbuckler and his trusty gorilla companion, or it could involve the Pope and a wounded Spanish ambassador. Which is going to put your fellow players in a less silly mindset when they choose characters and thoughts?

Use your authority to set characters to place people into the game who have mundane, grounded problems. The space fleet admiral and the ensign she's cheating on her husband with. The aging CEO and the assassin come to kill him. President Bear and the cruel trainer from his circus days so long ago. The clown and his estranged father. Almost any character, no matter how inherently silly, can have human drama attached to them by the relationships that are implied by the character they're paired with.

Scene Thoughts

Scene thoughts are extremely powerful ways to shape the fiction. Have you got a President Bear, a presidential aide, the Secretary Bird of State, and the First Ladybear? Could be silly. But as soon as the player playing the aide thinks, "I will uncover the traitor among us and report back to my true master," suddenly the tone and direction of the scene has been irrevocably altered. Again, this alone isn't enough to turn a silly game into a high drama, but along with all the other techniques available, this can build on those and direct the tone of the game toward drama and away from comedy.

The Focus

The Focus is a very powerful way to set the tone of the game. Is the Focus going to be pie, or is it going to be unrecognised nobility? The Focus is what the round is going to be about, so give it implied gravity and drama.

The First Lens

The first Lens of a round has the power to create two cards, so there is more ability to shape the round's tone. The first Lens of the entire game has even more influence over tone! The advice for teaching the game (p. 60, "Be the First Player") is as valuable when trying to set tone as it is when trying to teach new players. Do as it advises: start very specific, with a bang that will kick the game into motion, and aim to create a Scene.

If there is a good, promising Event someone else made that could be full of drama and seriousness, choose that to build on. It will give them a bit of an ego boost associated with a more serious tone, which will give them some positive feeling about playing out drama. If there is no suitable Event, use your ability to make two at once when you're the Lens to create an Event that implies drama and set your first Scene there.

Use all the previous advice (but beware! don't end up trying to hard! use only what makes sense and is "boring"!) to make that scene kick the game off with a tone of excitement and human-scale drama. In that ants game I mentioned, I started the game off with the Event The First Ant Crosses the Ocean and then a Scene with the first Queen riding on the back of Crow, having a deep argument about the nature of the world and magic. It significantly set the tone of the game. Even when someone else introduce Ant Magic to the game, it was set in the Age of Myth period and took on the solemn, otherworldly tone that I'd established with that first scene.

The (Sorta) Nuclear Option: An Different Group (Sometimes)

Microscope is a fascinating game, from a sociology viewpoint. I've played many games, every single one with a different mix of players, and every game has been subtly but powerfully influenced by the different personalities around the table.

I've played in a game that was about genome-manipulated slave soldiers, because of the input of one player who thinks about human rights issues a lot. I've played a game where Juggalos became the dominant spacefaring culture in a galactic Empire, because one silly player put them in the Palette. There was a game about Mythic Vikings full of war and bloody axes, because I'd recently visited Sweden and Iceland. The very same weekend I played in a game about superheros in the Renaissance, where the Pope could turn shoot lightning and Arthur Pendragon was an actual dragon, while Leonardo could split off clones of himself to better build his airships and other inventions, because someone wanted supers and another wanted an unusual twist on the genre. A game with the author was full of rebellion, terrorist bombings… and in the last scene, one unremarkable scientist who took the lethal Godhead drug in order to super-compute how to end the war, but when he saw that the insight he'd gained would also destroy his wife's memory of their love, chose to take the secret to his grave. One game with some of my regular players was about royal ants and the Black Ant war when I played with them, while a game they played that I was absent was all about cartoons coming alive and fighting Nazis. Then there was the generation ship game with Brian, which was by turns deadly serious and absurd, but the absurdities were always the sort that you find in science-fiction where the people are doing ridiculous things (in the audience's opinion) only because they've forgotten their own history.

The point is that that mix of players in a game is very much the alpha and omega of the tone, and the way the game distributes authority means that everyone puts some of their style and tone preferences into the game. You, through clever use of the dials the game gives you can maximise your influence over the tone, but it will never be yours alone to determine. You can bend and twist the sillinesses into seriousnesses (as I did with the game about Juggalos in Space), but why make it such hard work?

One of the easiest ways to enjoy Microscope with different tones is to play with different groups. Find some gamers who are more into human-scale drama and see what Microscope is like with them. The wonderful thing about this game is that it's so painless to get running with a new group that you can play with with a different set of people each time, unlike RPGs that need considerable setup. And you can play it as a one-shot, so you can lure in gamers who would otherwise balk at committing to a drawn-out campaign using a weird new game. I've had great success playing Microscope with non-gamers as well, since it has none of the baggage of traditional RPGs that can so easily confuse new players and which is so hard for us to teach because we take it all for granted.

Build on Silly Things

This is more of a general directive – the specific techniques above are all useful for this. Build on what the silly players add. If they add something implausible, ask yourself "How does that actually work?" Ask yourself questions about what these silly things would imply in a serious universe, and explore their dramatic consequences.

Are there pink bubble-blowing dragons futilely threatening the realm? Okay, that's kinda ridiculous. But ask yourself: How does their biology work? What force drives them to suicidal attacks against the knights and trebuchets they die to? What tragic figure, forgotten in history, worked their wizardry to create these things? When the rare knight dies in a bizarre pink-bubble-blowing fight, what do the funerary rites look like? In a realm with no credible outside threats, what sort of infighting and treachery do the nobles feel safe to engage in? For every silly thing another player adds, you can ask yourself questions about how it's actually perfectly sensible in a believable, serious world. Ask those questions and you'll suddenly find the soaring flights of fancy being tied to the ground in nicely integrated ways that build on and honor the other players contributions rather than ignore or work around them.

A Worked Example

The Juggalos in Space game is a good working example of some of these principles. It was made silly from the outset when one player added Juggalos to the Yes Palette, yet me being a gamer who likes him some serious drama managed to put a lot of drama into that game that we all enjoyed, and without banning silliness. Despite tentacle monsters, robot sex scandals, and a planet named Faygo, we managed to have a Imperial succession drama, a sinister immortal robot destroying the wormhole network for secret noble but tragic reasons, a space trade republic slowly going evil or decadent (we didn't learn which), and questions about the rights of sentient robots and their relationship to their human creators. It doesn't go into detail about all the possible techniques, but it does serve as an example of how silliness and seriousness can co-exist in the same game with some deliberate choices and techniques.

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    \$\begingroup\$ "New players often go silly" and "players feel a significant pressure to be creatively interesting at every moment" seem to be the main factors at work in the games I play. This answer is excellent. I now feel excited to play again so I can try these techniques out. \$\endgroup\$ Apr 18, 2013 at 22:25

Choose your players, choose your palette, and choose the right theme.


The tone of the table is, at the end of the day, the choice of the players. The players must choose to be invested in the theme of the game and the tone of the theme. When inviting players to play, get consensus on what kind of game they want to play.


Do certain people at the table have joke-triggers? Ban them. For that matter, put "silly" on the palette's no side, or whatever term operationalizes your group's approach to funny. Make sure everyone is cool with this and what it means. Put some serious topics on the yes side of the palette. Spell the tone of the game out here. It's incredibly powerful, because anything on the no side is auto-vetoed.


Make sure that your theme has a serious context, a serious tone of exploration, and a way for people at the table to buy in. At the end of the day, if the group buys into the theme, the people won't want to contradict the feel of the game. But this is meta. You must have the group choose to buy in, and setting the right theme provides for that.

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    \$\begingroup\$ +1 for as usual, Brian beats me to it by 10 mins. Especially the theme. Theme is everything when setting the tone. (I've run a game that ended with a slave rebellion by intelligent sheep ninja wielding doomsday weapons... but the tone stayed serious because it was played completely straight. Because the game had started out with simple, serious bronze age politics and exploration, and we'd hung on to that as the end approached.) Pick a theme that encourages serious - Dune, not Star Wars. Global Frequency, not Justice League. \$\endgroup\$
    – Tynam
    Apr 18, 2013 at 6:51
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    \$\begingroup\$ Yep. Serious themes make for serious games. "Mythic Vikings" was all about betrayals, honour, and kingmaking. "Cartoons Come Alive" was unsurprisingly silly. \$\endgroup\$ Apr 18, 2013 at 15:22

My experience with relatively unstructured, creativity-rich games like Microscope (although this tendency is hardly limited to it) is that people are most comfortable exhibiting their creativity in a silly way. If you come up with a race of mole people, nobody's going to feel bad when someone else laughs at it and calls it stupid. So to that, here are a couple of story-game things that apply as equally to Microscope as Fiasco or Monsterhearts.

Be Aware of the Veil

I think it's a very, very good practice before a game starts to announce that if at any time anybody in the group decides that some element of the game makes them uncomfortable, they can ask to "draw the veil" on that thing and nobody gets to ask why. This can be anything from rape to Ewoks, it doesn't matter. The only rule is that you can say that at any time and nobody can even ask why. Now, you can ask for clarification ("Are you saying you want to draw the veil on slavery as a whole, or just the particular experiences of this character?") and you can ask whether or not you should "fade to black" on the subject (i.e. ignore it, accept that it's out there, but don't make it a theme of the story you're collaborating on) or actively say "no, that didn't happen".

You might think that this would stifle creativity even more, but in fact it does just the opposite. Once people accept that they're in a comfortable environment, they'll start to take more risks.

Lead By Example

I've played with my fair share of story-gamers who complain about games getting too goofy. I like goofy, but I also really dig serious as well. And when I'm playing a game that I want to get serious in, well, I just get serious about it. I would in general spend less time admonishing folks for not taking stuff seriously and spend more time getting deep into your own characters and themes, figuring out fiendish and devilish ways to advance the storyline (keeping stuff close to the vest, as discussed in the rulebook, is a great idea!) and, even when others do silly things, find a way to make the silliness realistic and perhaps even grim. Sometimes you'll end up laughing your way through a session which, as you look back on it, was actually extremely dark. The laughter becomes "oh my god, I can't believe we just did that!" instead of "ahahahaha elves r fune".

Use the Rule System To Make Sure You Don't Go Off In Certain Directions

Microscope has a great mechanic about it where, before you even exactly start playing the game, you go around the table introducing things you want or don't want in the timeline. It behooves you to use this, especially if you're playing with a regular core of folks. If you're playing a science fiction world and your friend Bob has a tendency to introduce Ewoks, ban them. Ban cuddly aliens in general. If Bob wants to then introduce a 'cuddly' insect race in retaliation, well, I could see a serious game about that, actually. I think a big part of getting away from silly is dumping some of the more obvious cliches and being forced to play a little bit out of your zone. On the other hand, if Bob does try to bring in Ewoks, you do have that initial list to use against him as a cudgel if you have to.

Conversely, if you really want to explore some particular aspect of life through your timeline, by all means, bring it up in advance. Sometimes your ideas won't fly but sometimes someone else will hear something you want to include and think "ooh yeah, that would be awesome!" and want to grow on it themselves... in a completely different way than what you're looking for.

Feel Free To Be A Little Esoteric In What You Bring To The Table

The last game I played, we started out with a diplomat from a foreign land coming into a kingdom to negotiate a settlement. Kind of out of nowhere, I remembered this scene in ancient Rome where a Roman diplomat drew a line around a king and told him to make his decision before he stepped out of that line, and I decided to bring that in to play. Folks were like "whaaaaa?" and immediately we'd established this foreign land as a bunch of arrogant jackholes.

Maybe you don't know history. Maybe chemistry is your thing. Introduce some weird reaction that has some cool effect. In some ways, Microscope is your way of showing off... and if you're a little bit wrong, it doesn't matter because you're just telling a story.

Even Though It's A GM-less Game, If You've Played It Before, Feel Free To Advise Others On How To Do It "Right"

A good half of the book talks about strategies on how to play and how to introduce others to the game. That's good design for a game like this. Read those bits and try to call them out when you can. For instance, the rule against goading other people into answers is a fantastic one in this game; in my experience, sometimes a person who is taking forever to come up with an era or a scene eventually comes up with something that makes everybody just sit there speechless for five minutes. Keeping your ideas close to the vest is another good one, and I think is related to the first one: if you have a good idea, do not waste it on advising someone else what they want to do. Instead, keep it to yourself and spring it the next time you can.

In fact, if you find yourself doing that, point it out in-game! If folks are like "oh maaan that is awesome how did you come up with that?", feel free to admit that you'd been sitting on the idea for the past 2 hours. There's no better way for people to understand how the game can become great than by an example like that.

Let People Do Their Thing

The big thing about story games is that they're pretty much by definition not going to go in a direction you anticipated. You can work to steer a section that's becoming a bit silly into darkness, but what you absolutely can't do in this game is stop people and tell them no, they can't do that (with the Bob/Ewoks exception noted above). Let folks do what they want, roll with the punches, and see what happens. You'd be surprised at how often a silly-seeming beginning turns into something not all that silly at all.

The First Scenes Are Usually The Hardest

I wanted to just add this as a quick aside: don't be too worried if the first couple scenes get silly. Microscope is a little unique in that the first couple of folks just don't have a lot to go on, usually, so they're either pulling in something from outside of the game or they're just spitballing. Allow this to happen.

Practice Makes Perfect

I have been blessed to live around the Seattle area, which has a vibrant story gaming community filled with people who have no problem playing Microscope seriously. This is, for many of those folks, something they've learned to do over the course of many years. The community itself is warm and accepting, so very often newer folks will move past the awkward silly phase quickly. The thing is, you can't expect every game of Microscope to be like that from the start. The community had to grow to get to where they are now, and you in turn will need to learn how to story-game with your friends.

For now, you may not even want to worry so much about how the games are too silly or whatever, as long as everyone is having fun and getting more comfortable with each other's creativity.

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    \$\begingroup\$ "Draw the veil" sounded like a very Story-Games-Seattle thing to say, and sure enough, at the end you say you're from Seattle. :P \$\endgroup\$ Feb 6, 2014 at 5:14

Try an established sensible world-system

Constraints of Palette and Theme are your most powerful tools here. But if the players keep wandering off on tangents then try taking a well known sensible world system and set the theme to that. You can have a lot of fun building on a world that you all know (Dune, Middle Earth, Highlander) and people know what is expected in that and how the characters would react.


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