I am building a Human Gunslinger character who uses the Racial Heritage feat to get access to the Goblin Gunslinger feat so he can use a large double hack-but without penalty. Problem is, the the table for converting the damage for weapons sized for medium creatures to damage for weapons sized for large creatures stops at 2d10 and the medium double hack-but does 2d12. What damage would a large double hack-but do?
Size Changes, Effective Size Changes, and Damage Dice Progression: I'm confused by how to increase and decrease manufactured and natural weapon damage dice when the weapon's size or effective size changes. There's a bunch of different charts, and I'm not sure which to use.
When the damage dealt by a creature’s weapons or natural attacks changes due to a change in its size (or the size of its weapon), use the following rules to determine the new damage.
- If the size increases by one step, look up the original damage on the chart and increase the damage by two steps. If the initial size is Small or lower (or is treated as Small or lower) or the initial damage is 1d6 or less, instead increase the damage by one step.
- If the size decreases by one step, look up the original damage on the chart and decrease the damage by two steps. If the initial size is Medium or lower (or is treated as Medium or lower) or the initial damage is 1d8 or less, instead decrease the damage by one step.
- If the exact number of original dice is not found on this chart, apply the following before adjusting the damage dice. If the damage is a number of d6, find the next lowest number of d6 on the chart and use that number of d8 as the original damage value (for example, 10d6 would instead be treated as 8d8). If the damage is a number of d8, find the next highest number of d8 on the chart and use that number of d6 as the original damage value (for example, 5d8 would instead be treated as 6d6). Once you have the new damage value, adjust by the number of steps noted above.
- If the die type is not referenced on this chart, apply the following rules before adjusting the damage dice. 2d4 counts as 1d8 on the chart, 3d4 counts as 2d6 on the chart, and so on for higher numbers of d4. 1d12 counts as 2d6 on the chart, and so on for higher numbers of d12.
- Finally, 2d10 increases to 4d8 and decreases to 2d8, regardless of the initial size, and so on for higher numbers of d10.
Damage Dice Progression Chart
NB: the formula used in this answer was derived by reverse engineering the table for damage per size category and is not official.
At lower dice amounts, the formula is alternating 150% damage and 133% per size category starting with 3d6 being 150% of 2d6, and 3d8 being 150% of 2d8, then 4d6 being 133% of 3d6, and 4d8 being 133% of 3d8, etc.- source.
If you look at 1d12, the max damage is 12, times by 150% is 18. Max damage from 3d6 is 18.
Apply that to 2d12, max damage is 24. Times that by 150% and we get 36. Smallest dice we can use to get a multiplication of 36 is 3d12, so 2d12 enlarged becomes 3d12.
Once you get past the 3d damage, the formula then becomes Twice the damage dice from 2 sizes ago. Example, [2d6]->(3d6)->[4d6]->(6d6)->[8d6]->(12d6)->[16d6]...
Every (xd6) is twice as much as the last (xd6), and every [yd6] is twice as much as the last [yd6]
The above works for d8, d10, and d12s as well.