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I'm really excited about Fate Core and the wide variety of things that can be designed with the Fate Fractal. As a GM for players who are veterans of Pokémon Tabletop and Magic: the Gathering, I think it would mean a lot if I were able to create an effect that brings a creature into battle for you. I have two major ideas:

Create an Advantage

For a Magic-esque feel, you could spend your turn creating an advantage. You could call your advantage, say, Raging Goblin and fluff it as a servant, but what would you have to roll to make it happen? The bonus of creating an advantage is always the same, so how much does the cost matter? On your later turns, you could simply declare, "The goblin goes over there and attacks you," merely because the aspect exists, right? If so, would you invoke it under any circumstances when you needed the goblin to reroll? Is this too vague? Am I using aspects wrong? Are "implied aspects" important in cases like this to flesh out the creature's actual powers?

Overcome

If you want to be a little more detailed, you could actually write out stats for mooks on the side and say that the only thing standing between them and reality is a successful Overcome roll. This gives you a lot of variance between power levels of the different monsters you can summon, and also gives you the third option of Creating Advantages to build up the resources for a successful summoning. Once a summoned monster is on the battlefield, you could simply sacrifice actions to have a summoned creature act instead, which seems balanced enough. But how would you even go about balancing the mooks? Is there an intuitive algorithm for how high you should have to roll to summon an Average mook versus a Great one? Is it even realistic to allow this kind of summoning? It seems like it would cost more than a single Stunt to bring a fully statted living creature into life, much less allowing a PC to have a whole list of summonable monsters.

Does anybody have any insight? Has anyone tried something like this with Fate Core?

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I'm also a big fan of Fate and Magic the Gathering, so here's to hoping I do your question justice!

Balance and Feasibility

To answer some of your concerns first, I will say that such a system is totally feasible and can be "balanced" just fine, as long as you and your players all agree upfront what it should look like, what the limits are, and how common it should be. Fate handles tweaks, modifications, and homebrew spectacularly well (it's basically designed for that), so the limiting factor is generally what everyone at the table actually thinks is fun.

For instance, if only one player is at all interested in summoning, and the party never faces anyone who does it, that player might A) seem "better" than his comrades if he and his summons get to act each turn in Conflicts, Contests, and Challenges, and B) get frustrated that the game is so much more complex for him than everyone else!

On the other end of the spectrum, if everyone and their mother in your setting is waltzing around with a small army of Goblin Tinkers (all exchanging Ornithopters for Darksteel Golems every turn, of course), the complexity problem might rear its head in a different form: turns take so long for everyone and their forces to act that you feel like you're playing a plodding wargame rather than an exciting RPG based around action, inventiveness, and collaboration.

If your players are interested in doing this, and you all agree upfront how complex and powerful summoning should be to fit your desires and goals, then there is no problem implementing it. You don't need to be concerned about it "only" costing a Stunt, Skill, or Aspect, if it's designed around the amount of cost you assign it. In fact, depending on how powerful and common it is, playing with the cost involved (maybe it sucks up Refresh, an Aspect Slot, and a relevant Skill!) is a great way to keep it from overwhelming other skills and ways of playing the game.

Unless, of course, it's your intention to have Summoners stomp all over paltry swordsmen and politicians and songwriters and whatever other kinds of "classes" are common in your gameworld!

The "Storm Summoning" System

First and foremost, I'd suggest giving the Storm Summoners magic system proposed in the Fate System Toolkit a read. It plays with the notion of summoning in Fate by tying it to elemental "storms" of power inhabited by creatures who can be summoned or bargained with through the use of a "Conjuration" skill.

As a brief summary: for basic summons, you roll against the power of the elemental you want to summon (from Average [+1] Wisps up to Great [+4] Attendants) as a Create an Advantage Action requiring material components. Success grants you control over the creature for a set amount of time, while failure summons an uncontrollable elemental.

The skill is also used to attack (banish) other conjurations or to defend against their attacks with magical wards, as well as to renew existing summons. The total number of summons allowed is also determined by your skill.

The summons generally have only one skill (___ Elemental) used for any action they could reasonably accomplish specifically by being one (e.g., fire attacks, walls of ice, control of water, etc.). Smaller ones are weak, but have bonuses to speed-related skills, while larger ones have more Stress and Consequence slots. Each element also grants an additional ability (e.g., Fire grants a Weapon:x rating, while Earth elementals have more Stress boxes).

If a character makes a lasting (and expensive) bargain with a specific element, he gains bonuses when summoning it and gets access to even more powerful (+5 and higher) summons. This bargain is usually represented, mechanically, by an Aspect denoting it, which of course can be invoked (bonuses on conjuration rolls) and compelled (being forced to do work for your chosen elemental storm).

In combat, the Elementals use teamwork rules like Mooks (strongest one sets the base attack power, others act as +1s), and can aid the summoner on Skill rolls that make sense or be sacrificed to "absorb" blows on behalf of the summoner.


Specific M:tG Tweaks

The first obvious tweak is to replace the elements with the five colors of Magic, or whatever other obvious power-separations make sense in your own setting (I'd start there; save multi-color or similarly complicated summoning for later revision or see if it's necessary at all).

You can then tweak the summoning specialty chart, as well: Maybe Red-aligned creatures gain a bonus to Athletics or a Weapon rating, while Blue-aligned creatures can be sacrificed to banish an equally powerful-or-weaker creature controlled by someone else, for instance.

You might also consider replacing the single Conjuration skill with separate ones for each flavor of magic in your setting. That's more complex, but my guess is, if you want to have summoners running around arenas trying to bash each other to bits with giant gorillas and the like, players in the game will want to be as cool and unique as possible while doing so!

In that case, you can modify the skill's usefulness from just Summon/Banish/Defend against Elements to more flavorful uses. Perhaps White Magic replaces Lore/Medicine/etc. as the default Skill used to recover Physical Consequences with an Overcome action, or maybe the Black Magic Skill gets a Stunt to take Stress in order to increase your rolls with it.

For easiness' sake, I would strongly recommend you keep up the idea of having all summons act as a mook mob (single action per exchange), particularly if the party will have or face multiple summoners (in fact, if everyone is going to be summoning, I'd even consider allowing a Summoner or his summons to act each turn, although still granting each other Teamwork bonuses when not "in use.").

Artifacts could probably be represented by Extras (built using the Golden Rule--a Cloudpost artifactor even Stunts

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In the case of Mons, I would build the Mon as an Extra as per the section on Vehicles, Locations, and Organizations. It's a separate character, so give the player (or group) some extra points to build their pet.

Otherwise, I think your idea of Creating an Advantage is perfect. As to what the difficulty of the roll should be, the SRD suggests defaulting to +1 or +2, but you're free to make more powerful summons harder to accomplish. F'rex, a Goblin might be +1 and a Shadow Dragon might be +6.

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