Greetings fellow adventures!
A little query in regards to fight defensively
You can choose to fight defensively when attacking. If you do so, you take a –4 penalty on all attacks in a round to gain a +2 to AC until the start of your next turn.
Is that a -4 to the attack roll, damage roll or both?
I noticed that in description of Shooting or Throwing into a Melee the attack roll specifically is mentioned
If you shoot or throw a ranged weapon at a target engaged in melee with a friendly character, you take a –4 penalty on your attack roll. Two characters are engaged in melee if they are enemies of each other and either threatens the other. (An unconscious or otherwise immobilized character is not considered engaged unless he is actually being attacked.)
This leads me to believe that as one roll is not specifically mentioned it would be for both.