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... Or, for that matter, any other creature it doesn't like?

Pathfinder's rules for mounted combat seem to ignore creatures of Tiny size (which typically have a reach of 0 ft.) riding creatures of Small size (which typically have a reach of 5 ft.). Like this:

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Must a Tiny creature wielding a typical melee weapon dismount and enter a foe's square (usually provoking an attack of opportunity from the foe) to make an attack, or can such a Tiny creature while mounted on a Small creature attack a foe without entering the foe's square? What about the same Tiny creature wielding a reach weapon? (This latter gets ugly because of the way reach weapons work (i.e. they, apparently, don't) for Tiny creatures, this despite, for example, a lance-wielding monkey seeming perfectly reasonable... in this context anyway.)

If it's determined that the rules are as they seem (e.g. a monkey wielding a lance riding a dog must dismount, enter a foe's square, then attack a foe), I'd appreciate either a house rule to fix this lamentable situation or an explanation why no fix should be implemented.

"Why would this ever be a thing?"
Einrich Trogen, a human Fighter 2 (eldritch guardian archetype) / Hunter 8 / Mammoth Rider 3, usually fights mounted on his mastodon companion, Fleetwood, and Trogen possesses several feats that make him an adequate mounted combatant. Trogen's monkey familiar, Nielsen, usually shares Trogen's feats, but lacks a special mount, instead riding a Buddy, a common dog with combat training. Nielsen, because he shares his master's feats, is an excellent rider and mounted combatant, but his 0-ft. reach confuses everyone.

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This is one of these questions where James Jacobs overrules RAW with RAI.

RAW: No.

Reach Weapons: [...] Most reach weapons double the wielder's natural reach, meaning that a typical Small or Medium wielder of such a weapon can attack a creature 10 feet away, but not a creature in an adjacent square. [...]

A Tiny monkey's natural reach is 0 ft., double that is 0 ft. as well.

Note: "Most" refers to exceptions in the doubling rule for specific weapons, such as the whip.

As mxyzplk pointed out, this doesn't rule out a dog-riding monkey ankle-stabbing Giants, as long as they are at least of Huge size, that is 3 Size Categories bigger than the dog (Small). In this case, the dog can enter the enemy creatures square:

Any creature can move through a square occupied by a creature three size categories larger than itself. [And vice-versa.]

RAI: Yes.

This issue has come up on the Paizo messageboards, with Paizo's Creative Director James Jacobs stating:

Game speak for "DOUBLE" doesn't really mean "twice as much." A creature that's Tiny and has a reach of 0 feet who uses a reach weapon would basically go up to the next stage of reach: 5 feet. Something smaller than Tiny would, at the most, go up to Tiny's level of reach—weapons smaller than those wielded by Tiny creatures, therefore, never have reach.

Thus a Tiny monkey with a Tiny reach weapon has 5 ft. reach and can happily stab away at the orcses.

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If the mount moves into the same space as the enemey the monkey wants to strike, it could then make an attack, being in the same space as well. If the mount stays out of the targets space, the monkey can not attack it, according to the rules.

Moving through an enemies space is covered by the Acrobatics skill.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to the site. Take the tour. Push the help buttons. The problem with the Small mount, for example, moving into the space of the Medium creature is that it, usually, just can't. Can you provide an example using the rules that creates a situation allowing the monkey riding the dog to attack the orc in the manner you describe? By the way, thank you for helping strangers. \$\endgroup\$ – Hey I Can Chan Mar 15 '15 at 14:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ That would be the Overrun combat maneuver, which allows you to move through an enemy creatures space. (I added this to my answer.) \$\endgroup\$ – Yora Mar 15 '15 at 14:30
  • \$\begingroup\$ There's still the problem of the dog and monkey acting sequentially not simultaneously. Fortunately, the monkey can ready an action to attack the target of the dog's overrun. That works, I guess, but is awfully sloppy. Spitballing: What if the dog were to grapple the foe instead...? \$\endgroup\$ – Hey I Can Chan Mar 15 '15 at 14:35
  • \$\begingroup\$ Actually, the mount can move through an enemy space with the Acrobatics skill. The monkey would ready an attack to be made the moment the mount is inside the enemies space. \$\endgroup\$ – Yora Mar 15 '15 at 14:37
  • \$\begingroup\$ Readying an action to attack when the mount enters the square via Acrobatics should be part of this answer. It's a shame, though, that the monkey'll be unable to benefit from any charge effects (charge being a full-round action), which is sort of the reason to have him ride the dog in the first place. \$\endgroup\$ – Hey I Can Chan Mar 15 '15 at 14:42
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Yes, A monkey riding a dog can make attacks against whomever they choose

It has taken me a while to piece together all the rules supporting this, and make the scenario plausible. This is what I have came up with:

Abilities - 13 Strength (Mount)

Skills - Atleast 1 point in Ride.

Feats - Ride-By Attack (Monkey), Mounted Combat (Monkey), Power Attack (Dog), Improved Overrun (Dog)

Ride-By Attack - "While mounted and charging, you can move, strike at a foe, and then continue moving." The feat goes on to state that "You and your mount do not provoke an attack of opportunity from the opponent that you attack". This will allow your monkey the opportunity to attack their foe somewhere along the mounts movement course.

Improved Overrun - "You do not provoke an attack of opportunity when performing an overrun combat maneuver and targets of your overrun attempt may not choose to avoid you.". Without this, your opponent can simply avoid you and you will never have the opportunity to strike at them, as well as take provoked attacks of opportunity.

Combat Maneuvers

Overrun - "During your movement you can attempt to move through a square occupied by an opponent... This is a standard action taken during your move or as part of a charge." In this case you would be charging. "You can only overrun an opponent who is no more than one size category larger than you"

For simplicity, you assume that you share your mount's space during combat (pg 202 CR). This means that if you are a medium creature riding on a large horse, you are treated as a large model in combat. If you are a tiny creature (One who would normally take up 1/4th a square) riding on a small dog, you are treated as a small model in combat. Note: The rider does not get the extended range of the mount.

How Combat Works

Because you are not allowed to move through an opponent occupied square unless that opponent is helpless and because you cannot end your turn in an opponent occupied square you must perform an Overrun maneuver. When you attempt the overrun maneuver you must have the Improved Overrun feat, else the opponent can simply avoid you.

You start by making a combat maneuver check. If your attack fails, then you stop in the space directly in front of your opponent, or the nearest open space in front of the creature, you do not get an attack. If your attack exceeds your opponents CMB you may move through your enemies space and then make your run by attack. If your attack exceeds your opponents CMB by 5 or more, then your opponent is knocked prone and you get your attack against a prone opponent.

Here is the tricky part! Because you can only overrun an opponent no more than one size category larger than you, your dog must be the one doing the overrunning... This works out because it is unlikely that your monkey is going to have 13 strength for the overrun feats, it also makes it difficult because the mount would have to be treated as the Druids Animal Companion (Paladins and Cavalier mounts are treated this way), and have at least 3HD to select feats requiring BAB+1.

MrLemon addressed the reach weapon portion of your question.

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