How does wish work with spells that interact with material components?

For example, how does wish work with a spell like leomund's secret chest? Do an exquisite chest and small chest just appear with the wish? Or do you need them?

Wish says it doesn't need any expensive components to cast, but things are a bit unclear here.


Wish is specifically designed for you to be able to cast lower-level spells without the material components

The description of the Wish spell, on PHB 288 makes this clear:

The basic use of this spell is to duplicate any other spell of 8th level or lower. You don't need to meet any requirements in that spell including costly components.

All three spells you cite are 8th level or lower, so you're good to go.

As the components are not consumed by the spell, but rather used for their duration, some more specific explanation is useful.

Spell component specifics

For Leomund's Secret Chest and Magic Jar, this seems unproblematic, you get the exquisite chest and ornamental container - they are 'costly components'. For Clone you certainly get the diamond and the container, though there is the question of whether you get the 1 inch cube of the flesh of the person being cloned. According to RAW, you do ('any requirements'), but your DM might rule the beneficiary actually has to provide his or her flesh.

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    \$\begingroup\$ If you think of this in the flavor of a "Wish" rather than a mechanical spell it makes a lot more sense. "I wish I had a magical chest!" "I wish I had a clone!" having to specifically prepare other components for this doesn't fit the theme that well. \$\endgroup\$ – Patrick Apr 16 '15 at 11:58
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    \$\begingroup\$ @Patrick Maybe it doesn't fit the theme, but in previous editions that had more game balance determined by character wealth; "thematic" went out the window in exchange for having additional limitations imposed rather then 1/day (A Pathfinder Wizard might get 5-10 of these a day). I have had to house-rule, for instance, that gate and magic-circle can't be used to force genies to cast Wishes, without paying the 25,0000 (Pathfinder) fee for that, as cheesy as that sounds. So flavor has nothing to do with it--rather 5e changed enough (1/day, 33% chance), that a material cost is not necessary. \$\endgroup\$ – Ἄρτεμις May 4 '17 at 3:42
  • \$\begingroup\$ I think you could also read the "not needing costly components" as allowing it work with whatever you have on hand. Use Wish to cast Magic Jar, and your half-full waterskin will work fine as the container, for instance. Not that creating the standard version from nothing would be out of line for a Wish. \$\endgroup\$ – Errorsatz Oct 17 '18 at 20:02

Wish states:

You don't need to meet any requirements in that spell, including costly Components. The spell simply takes Effect.

It doesn't say it creates the costly components, it says you don't need them. So since it doesn't say you get exquisite items to keep, I would argue that you don't, per rules, as spells only do what they say they do.

What you get instead is up to the DM, and what kind of fluff the caster wishes (pun intended). For Leomund's Secret Chest it could be just low-value chest and token, which crumble when the spell ends. For Clone the vessel for the clone could be a shimmering force field cocoon. For Scry, the scrying surface could be an illusory pool of liquid held in your cupped hands. And so on.


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